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Young Offenders: Reoffenders

Volume 503: debated on Thursday 7 January 2010

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what percentage of (a) 12, (b) 13, (c) 14, (d) 15, (e) 16, (f) 17, (g) 18 and (h) 19 year-olds who were released from each young offenders institution in each of the last five years re-offended (i) within the first month, (ii) between one and six months, (iii) between six and 12 months and (iv) between 12 and 24 months after release. (308236)

Reoffending data are based on offences committed within one year of an offenders’ release from custody. Reoffending data covering longer time periods are not collated and therefore the proportion of offenders that reoffended between 12 and 24 months after release are not available.

Juvenile reoffending covers offenders aged 17 and under. A release from custody could be from a secure training centre, a secure children’s home or a young offender institution. Data are not broken down by type of release establishment or by individual release establishment.

Table 1 as follows shows the rate of reoffending for each of the last five years for which data are available for offenders in the specified age groups. Those aged 12 through to 15 have been banded due to the small number of offenders in each of the groups.

Table 1: Number of offenders released from custody aged 12-17, and proportion that committed a reoffence within one year, split by age and date of offence, juveniles, 2003-07

Percentage of offenders that committed a reoffence

Cohort

Age

Number of offenders

Within 1 month of release

Between 1 and 6 months of release

Between 6 and 12 months of release

Total

2003

12-15

133

9.0

46.6

22.6

78.2

16

235

20.0

44.3

12.3

76.6

17

418

15.3

44.0

11.5

70.8

2004

12-15

209

19.1

42.6

18.7

80.4

16

244

18.0

45.9

13.1

77.0

17

362

16.6

45.0

12.2

73.8

2005

12-15

193

19.7

45.6

15.5

80.8

16

275

19.6

38.2

12.4

70.2

17

374

17.4

39.6

14.7

71.7

2006

12-15

200

19.5

44.5

19.0

83.0

16

262

20.6

43.5

15.3

79.4

17

355

14.6

42.0

15.2

71.8

2007

12-15

171

19.3

43.9

15.8

78.9

16

246

17.5

44.7

15.0

77.2

17

361

17.5

40.7

14.1

72.3

Offenders that are aged 18 and 19 are included in the adult dataset. We do not have the facility to determine which offenders were released from young offender institutions. However, all 18 and 19 year old offenders are held under young offender institution conditions, even if they are held in an adult prison. Table 2 shows the reoffending rates for all offenders aged 18 and 19 who were released from custody for the last five years for which data are available.

Table 2: Number of offenders released from custody aged 18-19, and proportion that committed a reoffence within one year, split by age and date of offence, adults, 2003-2007

Percentage of offenders that committed a reoffence

Cohort

Age

Number of offenders

Within 1 month of release

Between 1 and 6 months of release

Between 6 and 12 months of release

Total

2003 Q1

18

572

15.6

33.9

12.9

62.4

19

728

14.3

35.7

12.4

62.4

2004 Q1

18

559

15.4

36.5

11.4

63.3

19

783

15.3

32.1

10.7

58.1

2005 Q1

18

551

16.5

37.7

14.2

68.4

19

689

12.3

32.5

12.2

57.0

2006 Q1

18

477

14.9

31.0

13.0

58.9

19

644

14.3

31.4

11.5

57.1

2007 Q1

18

461

20.0

35.6

13.7

69.2

19

593

13.2

31.5

11.1

55.8

Please note that the definition of a reoffence differs between adults and juveniles. For adults, any offence within a year of release from custody, that is proven by court conviction within 18 months of release, is counted as a reoffence. For juveniles, an offence proven by court conviction or a caution within the same time period is counted as a reoffence. For this reasons the adult and juvenile reoffending rates are not directly comparable.

Further information on adult reoffending is available at:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/reoffendingofadults.htm

Further information on juvenile reoffending is available at:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/reoffendingjuveniles.htm