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Deaths: Alcoholic Drinks and Drugs

Volume 504: debated on Monday 18 January 2010

To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office how many deaths where (a) alcohol and (b) the misuse of drugs was the primary cause there were in (i) England and Wales and (ii) Hemel Hempstead constituency in the last five years. (311028)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Stephen Pennick, dated January 2010:

As Director General for the Office for National Statistics, I have been asked to reply to your recent question asking how many deaths where (a) alcohol and (b) the misuse of drugs was the primary cause there were in (i) England and Wales and (ii) Hemel Hempstead constituency in the last five years. (311028)

The tables attached provide the number of deaths where (a) the underlying cause of death was alcohol-related (Table 1) and (b) the underlying cause of death was drug poisoning, where any drug controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 was mentioned on the death certificate (Table 2), in England and Wales, and Hemel Hempstead parliamentary constituency, for 2004 to 2008 (the latest year available).

Table 1. Number of alcohol-related deaths1, England and Wales2 and Hemel Hempstead parliamentary constituency3, 2004-084

Deaths (persons)

England and Wales

Hemel Hempstead

2004

6,488

7

2005

6,627

11

2006

6,964

15

2007

7,042

9

2008

7,344

8

1 Cause of death was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). The specific causes of death categorised as alcohol-related, and their corresponding ICD-10 codes, are shown in Box 1

2 Figures for England arid Wales include deaths of non-residents.

3 Based on boundaries as of 2009.

4 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.

Table 2. Number of deaths from drug misuse1,2, England and Wales3 and Hemel Hempstead parliamentary constituency4, 2004-085

Deaths (persons)

England and Wales

Hemel Hempstead

2004

1,495

*

2005

1,608

3

2006

1,573

*

2007

1,604

*

2008

1,738

*

1 Cause of death was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Deaths were included where the underlying cause was due to drug poisoning (shown in Box 2) and where a drug controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (prior to the Amendment order 2009) was mentioned on the death certificate.

2 Small numbers (those under three) have been suppressed, so potentially identifiable data is not revealed. Suppressed numbers are indicated by the symbol *. Details of the ONS policy on protecting confidentiality within birth and death statistics are published on the ONS website:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads_theme_health/ConfidentialityBirth&Death.pdf

3 Figures for England and Wales include deaths of non-residents.

4 Based on boundaries as of 2009.

5 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.

Box 1. Alcohol-related causes of death—International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)

ICD-10 code(s)

Description

F10

Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol

G31.2

Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol

G62.1

Alcoholic polyneuropathy

I42.6

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy

K29.2

Alcoholic gastritis

K70

Alcoholic liver disease

K73

Chronic hepatitis, not elsewhere classified

K74 (excl. K74.3-K74.5) K86.0

Fibrosis and cirrhosis of liver (excl. Biliary cirrhosis) Alcohol induced chronic pancreatitis

X45

Accidental poisoning by and exposure to alcohol

X65

Intentional self-poisoning by and exposure to alcohol

Y15

Poisoning by and exposure to alcohol, undetermined intent

Box 2. Drug-related poisoning deaths—International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)

ICD-10 code(s)

Description

F11-FI6, F18, F19

Mental and behavioural disorders due to drug use (excluding alcohol and tobacco)

X40-X44

Accidental poisoning by drugs, medicaments and biological substances

X60-X64

Intentional self-poisoning by drugs, medicaments and biological substances

X85

Assault by drugs, medicaments and biological substances

Y10-Y14

Poisoning by drugs, medicaments and biological substances, undetermined intent