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Young Offenders: Reoffenders

Volume 506: debated on Monday 22 February 2010

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what proportion of (a) juveniles and (b) young adult offenders was reconvicted within two years of release in each year since 1997. (317968)

Reoffending data are based on offences committed within one year of an offenders’ release from custody. Reoffending data covering time periods longer than one year are not collated.

Data on the reoffending of juveniles and young adults from before 2000 are not available.

The proportion of juveniles that committed a proven offence within one year of leaving custody is shown in table 1.

Table 1: Reoffending rates of juveniles discharged from custody, 2000, 2002-07

Cohort

Number of offenders discharged from custody

Percentage reoffending within one year

Q1 2000

912

75.7

Q1 2002

959

72.9

Q1 2003

786

73.8

Q1 2004

815

76.4

Q1 2005

844

73.1

Q1 2006

817

77.0

Q1 2007

778

75.3

The proportion of young adults that committed a proven offence within one year of leaving custody is shown in table 2.

Table 2: Reoffending rates of young adults discharged from custody, 2000, 2002-07, by age band

Age group

Cohort

Number of offenders discharged from custody

Percentage reoffending within one year

18-20

Q1 2000

2,700

64.6

Q1 2002

2,462

65.3

Q1 2003

2,133

62.2

Q1 2004

2,131

60.2

Q1 2005

1,978

58.3

Q1 2006

1,816

55.2

Q1 2007

1,687

58.7

21-24

Q1 2000

3,338

58.5

Q1 2002

3,508

60.4

Q1 2003

3,237

60.0

Q1 2004

3,311

55.2

Q1 2005

2,938

52.5

Q1 2006

2,763

49.0

Q1 2007

2,349

49.4

Total

Q1 2000

6,038

61.3

Q1 2002

5,970

62.4

Q1 2003

5,370

60.9

Q1 2004

5,442

57.2

Q1 2005

4,916

54.8

Q1 2006

4,579

51.5

Q1 2007

4,036

53.3

Reoffending data are not available for 2001 due to a problem with archived data on court orders.

Please note that the definition of a proven reoffence differs between adults and juveniles. For adults, any offence within a year of release from custody, that is proven by court conviction within 18 months of release, is counted as a reoffence. For juveniles, an offence proven by court conviction or a caution within the same time period is counted as a reoffence. For these reasons the adult and juvenile reoffending rates are not comparable.

The frequency of reoffending by juveniles given an out of court disposal, commencing a non-custodial court disposal or discharged from custody in England and Wales fell by 23.6 per cent. from 151.4 offences per 100 offenders in 2000 to 115.7 in 2007.

Further information on adult reoffending is available at:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/reoffendingofadults.htm

Further information on juvenile reoffending is available at:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/reoffendingjuveniles.htm

In England, the number of offenders aged 10-17 entering the criminal justice system for the first time fell from 94,481 in 2007-08 to 74,033 in 2008-09—a 21.6 per cent. decrease.

Further information on first time entrants is available at:

http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/STR/d000895/index.shtml