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Police Cautions

Volume 506: debated on Wednesday 3 March 2010

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many police cautions were given for (a) violent offences, (b) sexual offences, (c) robbery, (d) burglary, (e) theft, (f) fraud and forgery, (g) criminal damage and (h) drugs offences in each of the last three years; and what proportion of such cases were first offences. (319701)

[holding answer 2 March 2010] The latest Information on the number of persons cautioned, broken down as requested is published in table 3.1 of the Ministry of Justice Statistical Bulletin 'Criminal Statistics, England and Wales 2008'.

Copies are available in the Library of the House, however the table is provided for the Member's convenience.

Additionally, data provided by the Ministry of Justice on the proportion of cautions, reprimands or warnings given to offenders with no previous caution or conviction from 2006 to 2008 are provided in table B.

The figures in table B have been drawn from the police's administrative IT system, the police national computer, which, as with any large scale recording system, is subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. The figures are provisional and subject to change as more information is recorded by the police. PNC data has been used for this table rather than data collection that forms the source of the published caution statistics, as the PNC provides information on the criminal history of offenders. As a result of the above, the two datasets are not directly comparable.

Table 3.1: Offenders1 cautioned by sex and type of offence, 1998-2008: England and Wales

Number of offenders (thousand)

Sex and type of offence

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Males1

Indictable offences

Violence against the person

18.4

16.6

15.5

15.2

17.9

21.5

27.5

38.1

43.8

39.6

28.4

Sexual offences

1.7

1.4

1.3

1.2

1.2

1.3

1.5

1.7

1.8

1.9

1.6

Burglary

7.5

6.8

5.8

5.7

5.0

4.9

4.9

5.6

6.8

6.2

4.8

Robbery

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.5

0.3

Theft and handling stolen goods

51.4

46.4

40.0

36.6

30.7

30.7

34.2

38.0

42.0

41.8

37.7

Fraud and forgery

4.7

4.6

3.8

3.6

3.3

3.5

3.7

4.4

5.2

5.6

5.6

Criminal damage

2.4

2.6

2.8

2.9

2.6

3.1

4.6

6.0

7.5

7.4

6.5

Drug offences

52.3

43.5

36.4

34.9

39.8

40.2

28.5

30.1

32.5

37.6

41.0

Other (excluding motoring offences)

4.2

3.7

3.6

3.4

3.6

4.2

4.7

5.5

7.3

7.8

6.8

Total (excluding motoring offences) 2|

142.9

126.1

109.7

103.8

104.4

109.8

110.0

129.9

147.6

148.5

132.8

Summary offences (excluding motoring offences)

76.9

76.1

69.6

63.8

70.9

76.0

87.6

112.0

120.2

112.2

All offences2 (excluding motoring offences)

219.8

202.3

179.3

171.8

168.2

186.0

217.5

259.6

120.2

112.2

245.0

Females

Indictable offences

Violence against the person

5.1

4.7

4.4

4.4

5.7

7.2

9.1

13.0

13.4

12.7

9.2

Sexual offences

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

Burglary

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.8

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.8

0.6

Robbery

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

Theft and handling stolen goods

32.2

29.1

27.6

26.9

23.5

23.8

27.8

29.6

30.3

31.0

26.1

Fraud and forgery

2.7

2.6

2.4

2.2

2.0

2.0

2.3

2.5

2.8

3.0

2.7

Criminal damage

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.9

1.3

1.5

1.4

1.2

Drug offences

6.4

5.8

4.7

4.5

5.1

5.5

4.1

4.3

4.9

5.4

5.9

Other (excluding motoring offences)

0.8

0.9

0.8

0.8

0.8

1.0

1.3

1.4

2.1

2.1

1.7

Total (excluding motoring offences)2

48.8

44.5

41.2

40.1

38.5

41.0

46.3

53.0

56.2

56.6

47.6

Summary offences (excluding motoring offences)

19.2

19.4

18.5

18.0

18.6

20.2

23.5

28.5

34.2

37.6

34.3

All offences2 (excluding motoring offences)

68.1

63.9

59.7

58.1

57.2

61.2

69.8

81.4

90.3

94.2

81.9

All offenders

Indictable offences

Violence against the person

23.5

21.2

19.9

19.6

23.6

28.8

36.6

51.0

57.3

52.3

37.6

Sexual offences

1.7

1.5

1.3

1.2

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

1.9

2.0

1.7

Burglary

8.4

7.7

6.6

6.4

5.8

5.6

5.6

6.5

7.7

7.0

5.4

Robbery

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.6

0.4

Theft and handling stolen goods

83.6

75.4

67.6

63.5

54.2

54.5

61.9

67.6

72.4

72.8

63.8

Fraud and forgery

7.4

7.2

6.2

5.8

5.3

5.5

6.0

6.9

8.0

8.6

8.2

Criminal damage

2.7

3.0

3.2

3.4

3.1

3.7

5.5

7.2

9.0

8.8

7.7

Drug offences

58.7

49.4

41.1

39.4

44.9

45.7

32.6

34.4

37.4

43.1

46.9

Other (excluding motoring offences)

5.0

4.6

4.4

4.1

4.4

5.3

6.0

6.9

9.4

10.0

8.6

Total (excluding motoring offences)2

191.7

170.6

150.9

143.9

142.9

150.7

156.3

182.9

203.8

205.1

180.3

Summary offences (excluding motoring offences)

96.2

95.6

88.1

85.9

82.4

91.1

99.5

116.0

146.2

157.8

146.6

All offences2 (excluding motoring offences)

287.9

266.1

239.0

229.9

225.4

241.8

255.8

298.9

350.0

362.9

326.9

1 Other offenders i.e. companies, public bodies, etc. are included with males.

2 May not sum due to rounding.

Table B: Proportion of cautions, reprimands or warnings given to offenders with no previous caution or conviction recorded on the Police National Computer, England and Wales, 2006-08

Percentage

2006

2007

2008

Violence against the person

61

58

58

Sexual offences

68

68

71

Burglary

62

59

56

Robbery

73

70

69

Theft and handling stolen goods

72

70

66

Fraud and forgery

65

65

63

Criminal damage

63

60

58

Drug offences

44

43

42

Other indictable offences

63

59

58

All indictable

62

60

57

Summary offences

61

58

55

All offences

62

59

56