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Aviation: Exhaust Emissions

Volume 506: debated on Thursday 4 March 2010

To ask the Minister of State, Department for Transport what assessment he has made of the likely effect on airline profits on the inclusion of aviation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. (320406)

A review of the available evidence found that, while some studies were suggesting that airlines could potentially pass on 100 per cent. of the costs of EU ETS allowances to passengers, other studies suggested that the level of cost passed on would depend on a number of factors, such as the level of competition faced on individual routes.

The impact on airline profits in practice will only become apparent after aviation has joined the EU ETS from 2012.

To ask the Minister of State, Department for Transport what estimate he has made of the level of (a) UK and (b) EU carbon emissions from aviation in (i) 2004, (ii) 2006 and (iii) 2009; and what estimate he has made of each such level in (A) 2012 and (B) 2015. (320576)

UK aviation carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2004 and 2006 can be found at:

http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/statistics/climate _change/gg_emissions/uk_emissions/2008_final/2008_final.aspx

The source of the data is AEA/Department of Energy and Climate Chance (DECC).

The following table shows the Department’s latest forecasts for total CO2 emissions from all flights departing from UK airports in 2009, 2012 and 2015.

Total CO2 (million tonnes)

2009

39.2

2012

43.5

2015

46.1

Notes: 1. Data are for UK departures only (both international and domestic). 2. These forecasts refer to the central demand scenario and capacity scenario s12s2, as presented in UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts, January 2009. 3. These CO2 forecasts include freight, APU and a residual adjustment to ensure consistency with the DECC outturn estimate.

The Department does not collect or forecast EU level CO2 emissions data. Emissions inventories for other EU countries are available on the UNFCCC website. This can be found at:

http://unfccc.int/national_reports/items/1408.php