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Driving Offences

Volume 506: debated on Friday 5 March 2010

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what the average (a) fine and (b) custodial sentence was for convictions for motor offences which resulted in (i) injury and (ii) death in the last 10 years. (320162)

The available information is provided in the following table.

Average fine and average sentence length for motor offences which resulted in death, 1998 to 2008

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

404

Causing death by dangerous driving1

Total fined

9

6

4

4

6

1

3

1

2

3

3

Average fine (£)

620.0

1958.3

425.0

562.5

750.0

1200.0

3833.3

300.0

625.0

1250.0

1133.3

Total given immediate custody4

169

136

166

193

199

217

221

238

210

214

206

ACSL

38.0

34.3

37.1

39.0

39.2

43.0

44.4

44.8

43.7

44.1

48.8

Total sentenced

203

173

193

226

228

233

241

254

223

233

221

406

Causing death by careless driving when under the influence of drink or drugs

Total fined

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

2

0

1

0

Average fine (£)

200.0

500.0

1000.0

1500.0

Total given immediate custody

58

45

49

48

61

58

59

62

64

65

45

ACSL

37.1

41.7

38.3

43.4

40.9

44.0

43.4

42.4

40.8

39.2

46.6

Total sentenced

63

46

53

51

66

60

62

66

65

67

46

408

Causing death by careless or inconsiderate driving5

Total fined

4

Average fine (£)

875.0

Total given immediate custody

0

ACSL

0

Total sentenced

4

409

Causing death by drivingunlicensed, disqualified or uninsured drivers6

Total fined

0

Average fine (£)

0

Total given immediate custody

0

ACSL

0

Total sentenced

0

804

Causing bodily harm by furious driving2

Total fined

3

0

2

0

1

2

0

1

0

0

0

Average fine (£)

650.0

400.0

250.0

375.0

250.0

Total given immediate custody

1

6

5

4

8

5

7

2

4

0

4

ACSL

6.0

7.5

11.6

11.5

8.7

14.4

11.5

11.0

9.5

11.2

Total sentenced

9

11

12

7

13

11

13

8

7

5

11

3701

Aggravated taking where, owing to the driving of the vehicle, an accident occurs causing the death of any person3

Total fined

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Average fine (£)

250.0

Total given immediate custody

12

3

8

8

8

11

8

8

6

8

4

ACSL

36.6

34.9

36.5

39.0

38.3

42.0

42.7

43.5

42.1

42.1

47.5

Total sentenced

19

7

11

11

11

14

11

23

11

18

4

1 Road Traffic Act 1988.

2 Offences against the Person Act 1861.

3 Theft Act 1968 as added by Aggravated Vehicle-Taking Act 1992.

4 Excludes life and indeterminate sentences.

5 408 Causing death by careless or inconsiderate driving, (Road Traffic Act 1988 s.2B was added by the Road Safety Act 2006) commenced in August 2008.

6 409 Causing death by driving: unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured drivers, (Road Traffic Act 1988 S.3ZB was added by the Road Safety Act 2006) commenced in August 2008.

Note:

1. These figures have been drawn from administrative data systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.

2. These data have been taken from the Ministry of Justice Court Proceedings database. These data are presented on the principal offence basis. Where an offender has been sentenced for more than one offence the principal offence is the one for which the heaviest sentence was imposed. Where the same sentence has been imposed for two or more offences the principal offence is the one for which the statutory maximum is most severe.

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) how many people have been convicted of dangerous driving in each of the smallest geographical areas for which figures are available in each of the last 10 years; and what proportion of those convicted were repeat offenders in each year; (320164)

(2) how many people in each age group have been convicted of causing death or bodily harm through driving in each of the smallest geographical areas for which figures are available in each of the last 10 years; and what proportion of those convicted were repeat offenders.

The number of persons found guilty at all courts in England and Wales of dangerous driving, by police force area, from 1999 to 2008 (latest available) is shown in table 1. These figures have been drawn from the Court Proceedings Database.

The proportion of convictions for dangerous driving where the offender had a previous conviction for dangerous driving, as recorded on the Police National Computer, by police force area, from 2000 to 2008 is given in table 2.

The figures in this table are provisional and subject to change as more information is recorded by the police. PNC data have been used for this table rather than the court proceedings data that forms the source of the published conviction statistics, as the PNC provides information on the criminal history of offenders. Figures prior to 2000 are not available.

The number of persons on the Court Proceedings Database found guilty at all courts in England and Wales of causing death or bodily harm through driving, by age group and police force area (which is the smallest geographic area for which statistics are available), from 1999 to 2008 can be found in tables 3A and 3B.

Figures taken from the Police National Computer show that between 2000 and 2008 three offenders were convicted for an offence of causing death or bodily harm through driving having been convicted previously for a similar offence.

Court proceedings data for 2009 are planned to be published in the autumn 2010.

Table 1: The number of persons found guilty at all courts in England and Wales for dangerous driving1, by police force area, from 1999 to 20082,3,4

Police force area

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

20083

Avon and Somerset

115

117

110

142

164

169

153

114

116

93

Bedfordshire

27

28

36

38

54

36

43

44

40

55

Cambridgeshire

77

61

67

74

95

78

72

77

52

50

Cheshire

80

83

79

77

97

104

70

84

72

59

City of London

3

4

8

9

6

8

7

4

2

1

Cleveland

66

57

72

82

79

101

72

66

63

56

Cumbria

52

54

48

62

79

72

63

59

88

63

Derbyshire

86

88

95

107

105

108

58

60

65

54

Devon and Cornwall

75

63

78

78

85

75

67

52

57

54

Dorset

15

24

36

37

52

50

44

23

34

23

Durham

49

49

62

66

85

89

55

61

44

35

Essex

94

74

69

95

99

104

89

76

91

63

Gloucestershire

48

54

49

45

52

52

56

34

29

34

Greater Manchester

330

368

315

390

433

427

328

292

281

225

Hampshire

134

158

158

158

144

130

113

95

104

108

Hertfordshire

36

47

37

53

71

69

73

76

56

40

Humberside

67

79

82

75

103

91

79

94

79

80

Kent

66

62

66

93

116

94

93

91

76

76

Lancashire

129

138

120

156

147

132

117

135

126

87

Leicestershire

75

97

121

114

126

118

87

61

53

60

Lincolnshire

45

39

41

45

49

44

33

36

33

32

Merseyside

112

99

126

122

169

243

233

152

189

128

Metropolitan police

317

359

390

446

562

570

515

475

442

396

Norfolk

47

31

32

59

67

60

56

59

72

36

North Yorkshire

64

61

60

77

65

70

63

73

66

63

Northamptonshire

64

56

27

32

36

77

46

50

43

52

Northumbria

227

185

196

193

187

191

170

171

157

123

Nottinghamshire

101

118

125

148

218

167

128

103

93

95

South Yorkshire

121

165

116

143

194

149

126

121

115

114

Staffordshire

61

49

66

81

75

65

70

107

62

85

Suffolk

54

43

50

60

50

51

42

36

67

54

Surrey

23

29

25

42

50

33

26

23

35

25

Sussex

71

56

82

75

65

64

83

66

61

54

Thames Valley

81

98

105

150

129

115

129

125

147

121

Warwickshire

36

28

29

35

40

33

63

63

51

43

West Mercia

111

72

78

106

108

102

117

104

89

92

West Midlands

231

289

349

451

448

488

397

413

320

272

West Yorkshire

205

186

162

247

278

279

249

178

216

183

Wiltshire

38

48

40

49

53

43

45

34

31

23

Dyfed-Powys

62

53

37

59

52

58

39

46

42

35

Gwent

86

95

64

86

95

79

84

68

60

44

North Wales

57

54

63

52

71

85

74

63

63

55

South Wales

170

172

203

206

198

187

168

150

136

93

Total England and Wales

4,008

4,090

4,174

4,915

5,451

5,360

4,695

4,314

4,118

3,534

1 Includes offences of aiding, abetting, causing or permitting reckless driving under the Road Traffic Act 1988 s.2 as amended by the Road Traffic Act 1991 s.2. 2 The figures given relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe. 3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. 4 Excludes convictions for Cardiff magistrates court for April, July and August 2008. Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services in the Ministry of Justice.

Table 2: Proportion of convictions for dangerous driving where the offender had a previous conviction for dangerous driving,as recorded on the Police National Computer1

Percentage

Police force

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Avon and Somerset

21

19

22

27

22

18

19

15

18

Bedfordshire

*

*

*

14

*

*

14

*

19

Cambridgeshire

10

11

14

12

13

14

7

*

*

Cheshire

5

7

8

11

10

16

9

10

6

City of London

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Cleveland

12

15

12

14

18

19

19

13

16

Cumbria

9

*

12

13

19

15

10

11

12

Derbyshire

11

9

13

11

13

11

13

16

13

Devon and Cornwall

16

6

17

11

15

4

11

14

14

Dorset

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Durham

*

*

21

16

18

16

12

*

*

Dyfed-Powys

*

*

12

*

5

*

*

*

*

Essex

15

6

4

8

8

10

6

7

18

Gloucestershire

12

*

*

27

19

*

*

*

*

Greater Manchester

11

14

19

18

14

22

18

15

14

Gwent

18

20

20

17

17

25

16

10

12

Hampshire

10

8

16

11

12

11

11

6

7

Hertfordshire

*

*

11

15

9

3

11

12

*

Humberside

9

17

13

14

13

15

26

9

25

Kent

19

8

9

9

10

11

9

13

12

Lancashire

11

10

10

14

12

9

12

11

11

Leicestershire

18

13

13

15

16

13

22

19

14

Lincolnshire

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Merseyside

16

11

17

14

13

16

17

11

9

Metropolitan police

9

11

10

8

11

9

10

12

11

Norfolk

*

*

10

13

14

*

11

8

*

North Wales

9

10

11

11

14

9

9

13

11

North Yorkshire

2

9

11

15

12

8

14

11

10

Northamptonshire

10

*

13

14

14

*

*

10

*

Northumbria

16

23

19

24

18

18

15

19

13

Nottinghamshire

11

17

15

19

18

19

11

26

11

South Wales

20

24

23

22

22

22

27

24

21

South Yorkshire

8

11

14

15

13

9

19

19

15

Staffordshire

9

13

6

13

18

4

12

10

11

Suffolk

*

*

10

14

*

*

*

0

9

Surrey

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Sussex

*

13

6

13

17

9

7

14

10

Thames Valley

6

5

18

11

14

8

14

10

10

Warwickshire

*

*

*

*

*

9

10

9

*

West Mercia

8

7

7

8

10

9

5

8

6

West Midlands

13

8

11

13

11

13

19

17

18

West Yorkshire

11

15

12

16

12

17

15

15

18

Wiltshire

*

*

12

*

*

*

*

*

*

Total

12

13

14

14

14

14

14

13

13

* Indicates that the total number of convictions recorded on the PNC was less than 50. For small numbers this could give misleading percentage changes. 1 As with any large scale recording system, the data are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services Ministry of Justice.

Table 3A: The number of persons aged under 21 found guilty at all courts in England and Wales for causing death or bodily harm through driving1, by police force area, from 1999 to 20082,3,4

Police force area

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

20083

Avon and Somerset

2

1

2

2

1

1

1

2

1

1

Bedfordshire

2

1

1

1

1

2

1

Cambridgeshire

1

3

1

1

2

1

Cheshire

1

2

1

1

3

5

3

Cleveland

2

1

3

2

2

Cumbria

1

2

1

1

3

2

Derbyshire

3

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

Devon and Cornwall

2

1

3

1

1

1

10

1

7

2

Dorset

2

1

1

1

2

2

Durham

1

1

1

3

4

1

1

Essex

2

2

4

2

1

1

2

4

Gloucestershire

2

1

3

1

2

1

1

Greater Manchester

1

7

6

1

9

6

5

3

5

Hampshire

1

1

1

1

1

2

4

2

Hertfordshire

2

1

3

2

1

3

Humberside

1

5

1

2

1

1

1

1

Kent

1

1

1

2

1

2

3

Lancashire

3

1

2

3

3

2

1

2

1

Leicestershire

1

3

2

3

4

1

2

Lincolnshire

1

1

2

1

2

1

1

Merseyside

3

3

7

5

7

4

1

9

4

Metropolitan police

5

7

7

7

6

7

7

7

3

5

Norfolk

1

2

2

2

3

2

North Yorkshire

3

2

2

1

1

3

3

2

Northamptonshire

2

1

2

3

2

1

Northumbria

1

2

2

3

3

1

1

1

1

Nottinghamshire

1

3

2

1

3

4

South Yorkshire

3

2

3

1

4

8

5

Staffordshire

2

1

1

1

7

3

1

Suffolk

1

1

1

Surrey

2

1

1

1

2

1

Sussex

4

3

3

3

1

3

Thames Valley

1

5

5

5

3

4

3

4

4

Warwickshire

1

1

1

3

2

2

West Mercia

2

1

1

1

1

3

3

4

2

West Midlands

4

4

6

8

4

5

6

6

5

3

West Yorkshire

1

3

7

5

6

2

10

5

5

Wiltshire

1

1

1

Dyfed-Powys

1

3

1

1

1

Gwent

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

North Wales

1

1

2

1

South Wales

4

1

1

3

4

1

4

2

Total England and Wales

58

68

78

73

77

80

91

92

71

49

1 Includes offences of: Causing death by dangerous driving; Causing death by careless driving when under the influence of drink or drugs; Causing death by driving—unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured drivers; Causing bodily harm by furious driving; Aggravated taking of a vehicle where, owing to the driving of the vehicle, an accident occurs causing the death of any person. 2 The figures given relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe. 3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. 4 Excludes convictions for Cardiff magistrates court for April, July and August 2008. Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services in the Ministry of Justice.

Table 3B: The number of persons aged 21 and over found guilty at all courts in England and Wales for causing death or bodily harm through driving1, by police force area, from 1999 to 20082,3,4

Police force area

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Avon and Somerset

4

5

5

11

10

8

6

4

2

4

Bedfordshire

1

4

2

8

6

2

4

1

3

3

Cambridgeshire

4

10

4

5

9

5

3

8

5

7

Cheshire

6

7

3

5

4

3

3

3

2

4

City of London

1

Cleveland

1

3

2

2

3

5

4

1

1

4

Cumbria

2

2

4

5

2

7

4

5

5

2

Derbyshire

3

4

3

3

10

4

4

3

2

2

Devon and Cornwall

4

3

5

2

4

4

10

4

6

8

Dorset

1

4

2

2

3

3

1

1

Durham

2

1

1

4

2

6

8

1

Essex

4

1

8

10

6

3

8

4

6

5

Gloucestershire

4

4

3

1

5

4

2

3

1

Greater Manchester

8

17

14

22

11

14

11

5

7

17

Hampshire

5

9

6

4

7

3

4

5

8

9

Hertfordshire

3

2

7

5

4

3

4

2

4

5

Humberside

7

2

5

2

7

7

10

7

6

5

Kent

8

5

5

10

2

6

9

7

6

10

Lancashire

4

1

6

5

3

9

6

3

10

9

Leicestershire

5

5

6

3

5

7

4

2

11

4

Lincolnshire

5

5

6

4

8

10

2

5

2

9

Merseyside

1

3

8

5

5

10

5

4

5

2

Metropolitan police

23

19

21

24

28

23

25

24

26

24

Norfolk

2

2

2

4

3

2

3

4

3

4

North Yorkshire

1

6

3

4

3

8

10

5

10

4

Northamptonshire

2

5

3

4

2

4

6

7

6

8

Northumbria

5

5

4

6

8

8

7

6

6

4

Nottinghamshire

4

5

5

7

9

5

2

6

3

South Yorkshire

2

5

4

7

5

9

3

3

5

7

Staffordshire

1

2

2

6

7

4

7

5

8

6

Suffolk

1

3

3

1

2

3

4

4

2

Surrey

2

2

2

4

3

2

3

8

2

Sussex

6

4

2

6

3

6

4

12

7

5

Thames Valley

10

11

12

7

11

8

12

17

20

12

Warwickshire

1

6

3

2

2

5

2

4

1

West Mercia

7

4

7

5

4

9

5

4

7

5

West Midlands

6

12

14

7

9

10

10

10

8

6

West Yorkshire

7

8

11

13

11

11

16

15

13

13

Wiltshire

6

3

5

2

5

1

6

1

3

4

Dyfed-Powys

2

6

1

1

2

1

4

2

Gwent

1

4

2

2

4

6

1

4

North Wales

3

1

2

4

1

4

4

4

7

South Wales

11

9

4

9

9

4

3

7

5

4

Total England and Wales

179

202

221

244

240

247

260

212

253

238

1 Includes offences of: Causing death by dangerous driving; Causing death by careless driving when under the influence of drink or drugs; Causing death by careless or inconsiderate driving; Causing bodily harm by furious driving; Aggravated taking of a vehicle where, owing to the driving of the vehicle, an accident occurs causing the death of any person. 2 The figures given relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe. 3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. 4 Excludes convictions for Cardiff magistrates court for April, July and August 2008. Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services in the Ministry of Justice.