The European Union (EU) and member states of the European Space Agency (ESA) have jointly funded the design and development of Galileo. The deployment and operational phase of the programme and all future costs are the responsibility of the EU.
€1.6 billion is the approximate committed spend on the design and development of the system. The majority of this has been funded by ESA who provided €1.46 billion, with the remainder funded by the EU. The UK share of the ESA contribution is €168.05 million, of which €161.1 million has been paid and the UK is committed to pay the remainder during 2010. UK contributions to ESA funds are for use in all its expenditure and are not calculated on an individual programme basis.
The current phase of the Galileo programme, the deployment and operation of the system (2010-13), will see the Galileo programme achieve full operational capability (FOC) and is currently being procured by ESA on behalf of the European Commission. The EU funding of Galileo between 2007 and 2013 has been capped at €3.4 billion.
The European Commission has estimated a further £6 billion will be needed for operation and maintenance costs from 2013-30. We expect the commission to bring forward, in spring of this year, proposals for how funding after 2013 might be sourced and what elements might come from private and public sources.