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Poverty: Children

Volume 508: debated on Tuesday 23 March 2010

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many children in City of York constituency were living in poverty (a) in 1997 and (b) on the latest date for which figures are available. (322124)

Between 1998-09 and 2007-08 some 500,000 children were lifted out of relative poverty. Measures announced in and since Budget 2007 will lift around 550,000 children out of poverty. Absolute poverty has been halved.

The Child Poverty Bill will bring new impetus to eradicating child poverty by 2020. It will provide a definition of success and sets a framework to guarantee that Government and their partners at national and local levels make a clear and vital contribution towards ending child poverty.

Estimates of poverty, published in the Households Below Average Income series, only allow a breakdown of the overall number of people in poverty at Government office region level. Therefore, information for the City of York is not available, though figures relating to Yorkshire and the Humber Government office region are. These are given in the table.

Three-year averages are used to report regional statistics as single-year estimates are subject to volatility. Figures are quoted rounded to the nearest hundred thousand children. Child poverty is presented before housing costs in line with the child poverty public service agreements.

Number of children in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of contemporary median for Yorkshire and the Humber, before housing costs


Number of children (million)

1997-98 to 1999-2000


2005-06 to 2007-08



1. These statistics are based on Households Below Average Income data. The Households Below Average Income series is available in the Library.

2. Small changes should be treated with caution as these will be affected by sampling error and variability in non-response.

3. The reference period for Households Below Average Income figures is single financial years. Three sample years have been combined as regional single year estimates are subject to volatility.

4. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication ‘Households Below Average Income’ series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or “equivalised”) for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living.

5. The figures are based on Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development equalisation factors.

6. Numbers of children have been rounded to the nearest hundred thousand.

A local child poverty indicator—including constituency level information—has been developed that captures the number and proportion of children in families in receipt of out of work benefits, or in receipt of tax credits where their reported income is less than 60 per cent. of median income. Details can be found via the HM Revenue and Customs website:

The measure enables local partners to make an assessment of the level and geographical distribution of income deprivation in their area and focuses local partners on taking action to help raise family incomes.