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Crimes of Violence

Volume 508: debated on Thursday 8 April 2010

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) most, (b) less and (c) summary violent offences were recorded in each police force area in each year since 2002-03; and how many people were convicted of violent offences of each type in each of those years. (319820)

[holding answer 1 March 2010]: Information is not available in the requested format. The available information relates to offences of violence against the person with and without injury and is given in Tables 1 and 2. Summary offences of assault without injury are included within the violence against the person without injury grouping. Summary offences without injury are “assault without injury on a constable”, “assault without injury”, and “racially or religiously aggravated assault without injury”. Separate figures for these offences are given in Table 3.

These police recorded crime data relate to the number of offences recorded in each financial year.

In April 2002, the National Crime Recording Standard (NCRS) was introduced. This brought in a more victim-focused reporting system, where victim accounts had to be accepted unless there was credible evidence to the contrary. It took some forces several years to adjust to the new recording practice, meaning that comparisons from 2002-03 to 2008-09 should be treated with caution.

Home Office statisticians advise that the British Crime Survey (BCS) is the best guide to long-term trends for the crime types it covers because it has a consistent methodology and is unaffected by levels of reporting or police recording. However, the BCS is not designed to provide robust estimates of different crimes at police force area.

Annual BCS figures are estimates based on data from the interviews carried out in the previous 12 months. Estimates for the violent crimes covered by the survey show a 22 per cent. fall in England and Wales from 2002-03 to 2008-09. Over the same period, police recorded crime figures show a 7 per cent. increase in violence against the person offences.

Conviction data have been provided by the Ministry of Justice and relate to the number of offenders. These data are published on a calendar year basis and are counts of persons classified by their principal offence.

As the data come from different sources and are reported on different periods, the two datasets are not comparable.

Information on the offenders dealt with by the Criminal Justice System does not necessarily reflect wider trends for characteristics of perpetrators of crimes, where often an offender will not be apprehended.

The number of persons found guilty at all courts in England and Wales for offences of violence against the person, by type and police force area, from 2002 to 2008 (latest available), can be viewed in the Tables 4, 5, and 6.

Court proceedings data for 2009 are planned for publication in autumn 2010.

Table 1: Recorded offences of violence against the person with injury, 2002-03 to 2008-09

Police force

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

8,586

12,371

14,097

13,699

13,294

13,061

11,492

Bedfordshire

4,431

5,026

5,618

5,614

5,113

4,446

4,085

British Transport Police

2,231

2,850

3,242

3,517

2,841

2,562

2,529

Cambridgeshire

4,038

6,144

6,195

5,201

4,848

4,523

4,692

Cheshire

4,127

4,516

5,455

11,169

9,125

7,676

6,925

Cleveland

2,702

3,879

6,711

7,354

6,115

5,468

4,922

Cumbria

3,046

3,728

4,994

4,670

4,167

3,836

3,270

Derbyshire

10,160

11,434

12,014

11,441

11,009

10,933

8,734

Devon and Cornwall

13,471

14,577

15,568

14,075

13,211

12,246

11,088

Dorset

2,713

4,304

5,194

5,872

5,146

4,692

5,010

Durham

2,344

2,343

2,675

5,557

5,191

4,775

3,679

Dyfed-Powys

3,178

4,209

4,143

3,842

3,592

2,880

2,672

Essex

12,539

13,977

13,569

13,254

11,953

10,861

9,628

Gloucestershire

2,841

4,288

5,359

5,251

4,575

3,734

3,471

Greater Manchester

30,712

33,196

29,710

27,988

27,580

23,858

22,424

Gwent

6,972

6,621

7,087

7,101

6,655

6,013

5,823

Hampshire

7,339

11,607

14,369

13,427

14,728

15,393

15,152

Hertfordshire

3,312

4,882

8,494

7,706

7,064

5,496

4,963

Humberside

9,257

12,704

12,975

13,230

12,870

9,089

8,727

Kent

8,048

9,899

12,870

14,801

14,360

12,721

11,961

Lancashire

8,499

14,950

15,666

15,026

13,953

13,228

12,105

Leicestershire

5,682

7,106

9,597

9,390

9,135

8,617

7,837

Lincolnshire

4,889

5,709

5,804

5,295

4,566

3,958

3,856

London, City of

298

286

298

263

273

351

343

Merseyside

12,719

16,783

18,573

17,028

13,098

9,798

8,214

Metropolitan Police

44,387

45,151

71,958

86,020

79,698

73,302

71,462

Norfolk

4,309

5,565

5,838

5,871

5,229

4,577

3,773

Northamptonshire

5,127

7,010

6,571

6,694

5,752

5,418

4,857

Northumbria

7,910

15,169

14,067

12,773

13,358

11,033

10,488

North Wales

6,377

6,498

6,948

6,505

5,630

4,204

4,315

North Yorkshire

2,012

3,245

6,546

6,352

5,512

4,448

4,324

Nottinghamshire

10,659

12,076

12,755

14,538

13,049

10,985

11,814

South Wales

10,657

11,123

10,568

11,835

10,387

10,442

10,104

South Yorkshire

5,024

5,605

7,180

16,212

16,730

14,699

12,643

Staffordshire

9,805

12,449

13,290

12,597

12,224

9,731

9,733

Suffolk

3,677

4,596

5,075

5,102

4,631

3,902

4,008

Surrey

4,636

4,985

5,288

5,913

5,317

5,128

4,586

Sussex

6,097

12,008

14,439

13,371

12,140

9,862

8,355

Thames Valley

10,771

12,699

15,561

15,619

14,765

14,180

14,547

Warwickshire

2,232

4,111

3,753

3,936

3,809

3,746

3,044

West Mercia

10,142

11,079

10,483

9,601

9,165

8,538

7,722

West Midlands

32,443

35,760

34,842

36,465

36,579

33,216

29,575

West Yorkshire

18,366

27,432

25,997

27,813

22,991

20,214

18,216

Wiltshire

3,359

3,872

3,830

4,617

5,166

4,478

3,797

England and Wales

372,124

457,822

515,266

543,605

506,594

452,318

420,965

Table 2: Recorded offences of violence against the person without injury, 2002-03 to 2008-09

Police force

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

12,153

14,159

17,365

16,797

17,587

14,086

15,101

Bedfordshire

3,667

3,781

4,519

4,192

4,026

3,153

3,166

British Transport Police

7,945

8,632

9,872

10,864

13,291

12,963

12,971

Cambridgeshire

8,536

7,519

7,163

4,957

5,573

5,773

5,224

Cheshire

6,575

9,558

10,153

7,348

8,144

7,428

7,244

Cleveland

3,580

5,320

4,941

6,958

7,813

7,447

5,740

Cumbria

2,679

3,146

4,201

4,536

4,020

4,219

3,843

Derbyshire

5,253

4,963

4,570

4,519

5,056

5,796

5,625

Devon and Cornwall

10,249

11,392

12,767

11,230

11,551

10,893

9,936

Dorset

5,436

4,843

5,556

6,058

6,659

6,425

5,430

Durham

5,367

4,222

4,352

4,342

4,826

3,850

3,756

Dyfed-Powys

3,039

3,700

4,172

3,869

4,102

3,076

2,998

Essex

9,551

12,033

11,792

10,626

10,870

12,284

12,246

Gloucestershire

4,893

4,015

4,190

5,245

6,256

5,572

5,083

Greater Manchester

17,892

20,776

23,498

24,960

29,471

26,430

23,605

Gwent

8,047

6,310

5,805

4,402

5,062

4,185

3,583

Hampshire

14,832

23,541

23,804

25,259

25,841

23,635

20,460

Hertfordshire

4,356

7,474

8,351

8,500

9,826

7,852

7,140

Humberside

7,201

12,613

11,215

9,285

10,999

10,269

9,334

Kent

10,310

10,613

9,987

12,011

13,194

12,470

12,141

Lancashire

7,285

11,725

15,918

13,815

12,838

11,784

11,097

Leicestershire

9,822

10,487

11,973

11,610

11,270

10,162

10,682

Lincolnshire

4,349

4,439

5,052

5,431

5,691

5,444

5,058

London, City of

630

563

693

679

694

583

510

Merseyside

9,975

9,663

15,605

17,769

12,896

10,930

10,801

Metropolitan Police

134,395

141,036

129,965

111,242

102,656

99,428

102,949

Norfolk

6,298

6,021

7,082

6,633

6,353

5,349

4,901

Northamptonshire

4,681

4,060

4,590

3,798

4,361

5,194

4,618

Northumbria

17,261

9,628

8,791

9,222

10,891

8,512

8,659

North Wales

5,095

4,481

5,073

5,825

8,793

6,904

6,840

North Yorkshire

6,096

6,365

5,499

5,121

4,575

5,024

3,812

Nottinghamshire

5,300

6,555

7,002

6,778

8,889

8,851

7,796

South Wales

9,769

10,072

9,539

9,213

9,446

11,671

11,074

South Yorkshire

7,264

7,894

14,033

12,963

11,225

9,754

7,985

Staffordshire

10,385

10,325

10,291

11,630

12,504

10,069

10,046

Suffolk

4,272

4,933

5,272

4,915

5,559

5,511

5,422

Surrey

3,879

4,668

5,378

5,325

8,206

8,957

8,262

Sussex

12,026

7,492

12,654

14,496

16,484

15,220

11,911

Thames Valley

14,555

15,889

18,662

20,368

26,657

28,101

26,269

Warwickshire

3,455

2,755

2,738

2,633

3,577

3,780

2,931

West Mercia

9,706

10,788

7,696

6,098

6,845

7,161

7,077

West Midlands

19,351

20,095

20,264

20,521

21,211

20,119

18,647

West Yorkshire

12,484

18,432

18,612

21,064

20,275

18,803

16,370

Wiltshire

3,060

2,430

2,174

2,871

3,510

3,664

4,134

England and Wales

472,954

509,406

532,829

515,978

539,573

508,781

482,477

Table 3: Recorded summary offences of assault without injury, 2002-03 to 2008-091,2

Police force

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

6,258

6,458

8,269

7,812

8,536

7,169

7,407

Bedfordshire

2,021

1,781

1,845

1,787

1,866

1,321

1,512

British Transport Police

3,668

3,934

4,315

4,316

4,631

3,996

3,936

Cambridgeshire

4,847

3,607

3,590

2,252

2,828

3,224

2,907

Cheshire

4,776

7,374

7,147

3,381

4,195

4,463

4,058

Cleveland

2,440

3,969

2,558

3,282

3,416

3,784

3,283

Cumbria

1,448

1,528

1,900

1,946

1,830

2,114

1,646

Derbyshire

2,515

1,962

1,403

1,398

1,721

2,043

2,753

Devon and Cornwall

6,130

7,213

7,880

5,788

5,586

5,325

5,291

Dorset

3,977

3,050

2,491

2,566

2,892

3,193

2,864

Durham

3,560

2,490

2,471

1,750

1,733

1,304

1,533

Dyfed-Powys

942

1,557

1,896

1,439

1,660

1,337

1,189

Essex

4,057

4,628

3,765

3,393

3,779

5,281

5,720

Gloucestershire

3,333

2,512

2,197

2,236

2,927

2,804

2,933

Greater Manchester

7,952

8,261

7,237

7,075

9,071

9,352

9,668

Gwent

2,308

1,774

1,395

892

837

780

508

Hampshire

9,768

13,016

10,883

11,589

11,759

11,334

10,891

Hertfordshire

2,538

4,477

4,140

3,972

4,204

3,995

3,640

Humberside

3,436

4,161

4,909

3,989

4,580

3,577

3,643

Kent

6,998

6,984

5,928

6,849

7,805

7,738

7,251

Lancashire

3,748

6,512

7,794

6,467

6,110

6,241

6,348

Leicestershire

6,092

5,745

5,104

4,475

4,670

4,272

4,308

Lincolnshire

2,387

2,308

2,104

1,913

2,631

2,362

2,364

London, City of

259

201

199

199

191

222

192

Merseyside

6,115

4,186

5,814

5,567

4,948

4,179

3,671

Metropolitan Police

88,636

90,884

69,855

52,096

47,727

43,976

43,975

Norfolk

3,976

3,546

3,908

3,582

3,242

3,024

2,734

Northamptonshire

2,842

2,049

2,448

1,892

2,301

2,981

2,956

Northumbria

10,800

3,319

2,882

2,548

3,137

2,754

3,238

North Wales

3,186

2,495

2,461

2,592

4,102

3,145

2,790

North Yorkshire

3,989

3,832

2,117

2,185

1,942

1,878

1,906

Nottinghamshire

2,209

2,941

3,063

2,181

3,795

3,963

3,025

South Wales

3,223

3,183

2,841

2,992

3,069

4,016

4,239

South Yorkshire

4,511

5,073

9,466

4,872

3,763

3,083

2,452

Staffordshire

5,853

5,396

4,829

5,402

5,543

4,847

5,245

Suffolk

2,234

2,324

2,285

2,275

2,277

2,091

2,021

Surrey

2,077

2,586

2,627

2,249

3,112

3,612

3,842

Sussex

9,085

3,703

5,962

6,491

8,406

7,941

7,211

Thames Valley

8,728

8,516

7,529

7,128

11,354

12,022

11,496

Warwickshire

2,626

1,869

1,598

1,098

1,735

2,140

1,473

West Mercia

4,899

5,146

3,219

2,133

2,592

3,298

3,245

West Midlands

5,952

3,992

3,486

3,452

4,391

4,753

5,393

West Yorkshire

7,908

5,980

5,671

7,465

10,651

10,695

9,358

Wiltshire

1,792

1,057

701

751

1,256

1,851

2,503

England and Wales

276,099

267,579

244,182

209,717

228,801

223,480

218,618

1 The numbers given in this table are also included in Table 2.

2 Offence Classifications 104, 105A and 105B were used to produce the table.

Table 4: Number of defendants found guilty at all courts for violence against the person (more serious offences)1, by police force area—England and Wales 2002 to 20082,3,4

Police force

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Avon and Somerset

77

87

86

88

87

75

68

Bedfordshire

39

32

42

33

31

47

42

Cambridgeshire

42

31

46

29

41

43

38

Cheshire

50

53

54

84

58

70

44

City of London

5

1

2

1

3

Cleveland

46

54

52

61

53

52

46

Cumbria

23

26

30

35

19

24

23

Derbyshire

40

37

58

55

32

37

32

Devon and Cornwall

67

58

69

92

63

64

59

Dorset

22

20

26

33

34

29

21

Durham

44

44

53

42

38

37

27

Essex

57

73

55

65

53

71

71

Gloucestershire

19

24

24

20

17

23

18

Greater Manchester

257

222

226

238

223

245

229

Hampshire

109

99

130

121

104

101

80

Hertfordshire

53

40

43

61

33

34

39

Humberside

47

74

77

69

71

86

67

Kent

60

67

74

79

72

78

100

Lancashire

109

116

130

123

91

122

124

Leicestershire

59

66

78

64

36

60

66

Lincolnshire

18

28

32

15

33

30

47

Merseyside

103

115

107

120

126

108

82

Metropolitan Police

515

529

612

589

578

604

652

Norfolk

35

31

30

39

40

29

40

North Yorkshire

29

26

32

50

32

54

34

Northamptonshire

43

26

39

35

40

49

37

Northumbria

113

121

109

117

115

136

129

Nottinghamshire

52

58

56

76

71

63

71

South Yorkshire

96

68

117

92

93

86

89

Staffordshire

55

46

65

56

64

46

58

Suffolk

39

29

34

30

26

13

35

Surrey

17

25

31

20

24

35

21

Sussex

72

65

73

67

70

70

93

Thames Valley

83

93

88

107

110

111

112

Warwickshire

23

18

21

29

23

29

24

West Mercia

49

58

53

59

49

63

43

West Midlands

230

222

247

228

238

221

206

West Yorkshire

131

163

192

180

131

171

214

Wiltshire

25

19

30

28

21

20

33

Dyfed-Powys

21

30

28

27

21

31

30

Gwent

64

45

59

52

28

36

28

North Wales

30

27

32

54

36

40

43

South Wales

133

129

112

127

116

110

106

England and Wales

3,201

3,195

3,554

3,589

3,242

3,453

3,424

1 Includes: Murder, Attempted murder, Threat or conspiracy to murder, Manslaughter, Infanticide, Child destruction, Causing death by dangerous driving, Manslaughter due to diminished responsibility, Causing death by careless driving under the influence of drink or drugs, Causing or allowing the death of a child or vulnerable person, Causing death by careless or inconsiderate driving, Causing death by driving,—unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured drivers, Causing death by aggravated vehicle taking, Wounding or other act endangering life, Endangering railway passenger.

2 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

4 Excludes convictions for Cardiff magistrates court for April, July and August 2008.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice

Table 5: Number of defendants found guilty at all courts for violence against the person (less serious offences)1, by police force area—England and Wales 2002 to 20082,3,4

Police force

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Avon and Somerset

737

848

747

829

830

856

888

Bedfordshire

227

265

284

336

335

315

354

Cambridgeshire

360

344

362

484

417

430

471

Cheshire

631

562

487

704

825

849

713

City of London

60

54

43

43

33

23

37

Cleveland

400

416

464

508

667

641

649

Cumbria

437

443

428

508

473

434

461

Derbyshire

585

638

643

847

639

730

620

Devon and Cornwall

766

908

807

820

751

699

732

Dorset

289

295

307

415

372

349

313

Durham

567

522

498

616

660

675

612

Essex

561

629

772

767

755

842

799

Gloucestershire

299

314

287

347

329

241

341

Greater Manchester

2,345

2,522

2,751

2,608

2,838

2,821

2,520

Hampshire

1,124

1,167

1,202

1,192

1,240

1,214

1,286

Hertfordshire

486

467

517

622

546

485

443

Humberside

608

703

719

732

783

867

792

Kent

617

659

542

644

695

702

812

Lancashire

1,175

1,176

1,171

1,228

1,507

1,594

1,497

Leicestershire

739

715

724

825

730

714

641

Lincolnshire

292

335

388

351

369

380

378

Merseyside

1,211

1,237

1,331

1,301

1,409

1,396

1,313

Metropolitan Police

5,879

5,342

5,468

5,471

5,590

5,406

6,132

Norfolk

361

372

336

384

430

386

380

North Yorkshire

336

365

426

463

467

545

510

Northamptonshire

262

269

295

334

285

267

386

Northumbria

1,361

1,270

1,201

1,263

1,227

1,391

1,317

Nottinghamshire

687

688

694

761

784

791

712

South Yorkshire

927

951

946

1,060

1,090

1,131

1,224

Staffordshire

601

642

667

681

727

714

704

Suffolk

329

367

410

455

545

469

379

Surrey

206

229

263

253

302

311

316

Sussex

629

674

603

713

778

847

802

Thames Valley

682

698

713

938

1,038

998

977

Warwickshire

195

190

232

260

303

273

276

West Mercia

650

654

642

779

860

846

779

West Midlands

2,860

2,764

2,731

2,299

2,610

2,389

2,342

West Yorkshire

1,216

1,290

1,607

1,557

1,331

1,477

1,542

Wiltshire

271

335

296

371

439

376

392

Dyfed-Powys

332

386

320

335

329

335

228

Gwent

553

482

512

433

538

530

403

North Wales

406

440

477

550

641

612

574

South Wales

1,248

1,214

1,282

1,253

1,105

1,147

1,048

England and Wales

34,507

34,841

35,595

37,340

38,622

38,498

38,095

1 Includes: Endangering life at sea, Other wounding etc., Cruelty to or neglect of children, Abandoning child aged under two years, Child abduction, procuring illegal abortion, Concealment of birth.

2 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

4 Excludes convictions for Cardiff magistrates court for April, July and August 2008.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice

Table 6: Number of defendants found guilty at all courts for common assault, by police force area—England and Wales 2002 to 20081,2,3

Police force

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Avon and Somerset

754

789

934

1,279

1,246

1,413

1,484

Bedfordshire

246

307

364

452

528

442

491

Cambridgeshire

334

347

396

563

699

736

762

Cheshire

508

544

575

831

1,182

1,396

1,244

City of London

28

18

21

23

44

47

60

Cleveland

234

350

426

444

515

634

657

Cumbria

359

407

474

573

593

687

775

Derbyshire

561

684

883

1,130

1,158

1,328

1,463

Devon and Cornwall

1,044

1,041

1,204

1,333

1,171

1,168

1,365

Dorset

363

340

406

518

605

756

670

Durham

341

318

337

434

457

665

551

Essex

840

894

1,068

1,419

1,624

1,724

1,656

Gloucestershire

287

307

349

498

520

462

614

Greater Manchester

998

1,183

1,825

2,135

2,637

2,830

2,653

Hampshire

1,322

1,480

1,982

1,863

1,966

2,248

2,216

Hertfordshire

376

461

621

856

901

861

860

Humberside

444

587

755

842

888

1,029

1,017

Kent

810

930

1,075

1,153

1,351

1,454

1,421

Lancashire

844

993

1,034

1,512

1,957

2,131

2,145

Leicestershire

527

630

734

1,098

1,156

1,407

1,275

Lincolnshire

480

570

567

585

619

570

571

Merseyside

671

946

1,153

1,287

1,464

1,520

1,456

Metropolitan Police

2,829

2,941

3,416

4,063

5,096

5,304

5,888

Norfolk

612

617

678

662

728

792

881

North Yorkshire

420

438

582

765

800

753

726

Northamptonshire

283

331

361

419

423

427

426

Northumbria

776

947

1,106

1,128

1,226

1,586

1,468

Nottinghamshire

910

906

917

1,098

1,143

1,043

1,033

South Yorkshire

580

724

929

1,049

1,184

1,343

1,286

Staffordshire

780

802

938

1,080

1,107

1,116

943

Suffolk

467

536

704

770

836

822

807

Surrey

293

415

492

601

559

603

591

Sussex

768

809

1,075

1,099

1,124

1,382

1,439

Thames Valley

796

841

984

1,524

1,696

1,664

1,639

Warwickshire

192

176

194

273

303

426

351

West Mercia

676

733

948

1,131

1,208

1,225

1,102

West Midlands

2,467

2,529

2,793

2,848

2,937

2,978

2,742

West Yorkshire

1,577

2,010

2,445

2,579

2,362

2,428

2,345

Wiltshire

519

623

616

620

615

531

547

Dyfed-Powys

258

317

350

358

459

443

393

Gwent

374

343

371

387

512

543

571

North Wales

476

501

566

643

736

791

842

South Wales

525

617

682

820

925

985

893

England and Wales

28,949

32,282

38,330

44,745

49,260

52,693

52,319

1 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 Excludes convictions for Cardiff magistrates court for April, July and August 2008.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice