asked Her Majesty's Government:
What is the current United Kingdom aid expenditure in each province of Afghanistan; which aid agencies are being supported; how many international and Afghan aid workers are being supported in Afghanistan; and how these figures compare for each province across the past five years.[HL7400]
Since 2001, DfID has spent over £390 million on reconstruction and development in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is DfID’s fifth largest programme and we are Afghanistan's second largest bilateral donor, spending over £100 million in 2005-06. This will increase to £115 million by 2008-09.
DfID’s bilateral spend in Afghanistan over the last five financial years (from 1 April to 31 March) is as follows:
2001-02 £50 million 2002-03 £75 million 2003-04 £80 million 2004-05 £80 million 2005-06 £101 million
DfID does not have a detailed breakdown of spending in Afghanistan by province, as we put most of our money through the government budget, for example the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF). In the past, we have focused particular effort in Mazar-e-Sharif, Bamyan, Kandahar, Gardez and Badakshan. Over the next three years we plan to spend up to £20 million each year in Helmand. We do not have information on the number of aid workers (international or Afghan) supported by us.
The table below illustrates where DfID provided direct financial assistance to provinces. This was largely support to provincial reconstruction teams, but also includes support to three NGOs (Aga Khan Development Network, Afghan Aid and Concern) in Badakshan.
Province 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 National 50 million 75 million Badakshan 0.16 million 0.710 million 1.7 million Mazar-e-Sharif 0.402 million Gardez _ 0.126 million Kandahar 0.811 million 0.0068 million Bamyan 0.142 million
DfID is also providing funding of £7.4 million to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) for the development of alternative livelihoods for poppy farmers in Bamiyan, Herat and Balkh provinces.
DfID has recently approved £30 million over three years to support rural and agriculture development in Helmand province. This will go towards supporting activities under the National Solidarity Programme (NSP), the National Rural Access Programme (NRAP), the Micro-finance Investment Support Facility of Afghanistan (MISFA), quick impact projects in addition to the Water and Sanitation Programme (WATSAN).
Since 2001, DfID has provided direct financial support to a number of international organisations. Details of the organisations supported are shown below. Of theses organisations, we still currently provide direct financial support to Afghan Aid, Concern, Aga Khan, Womankind, BAGG, and The Asia Foundation.
Action Contre La Faim
Afghan Development Association
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
Aide Medicale International
Assisting Marsh Arabs and Refugees
BBC World Service Trust
British Agencies Advisory Group
British Red Cross
British Refugee Council
Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue
International Rescue Committee
Pharmaciens Sans Frontieres
Refugee Studies Centre
Save the Children Fund
The Asia Foundation
War Child UK
In addition, over the past five years DfID has provided direct financial support to a number of national organisations. Details of the organisations supported are shown in the table below. Of these organisations, we still currently provide direct financial support to Southern Rehabilitation and Aid Committee and Helping Afghan Farmers.
Afghan Fertiliser Company
Afghanistan Independence Human Rights Commission
Afghanistan Information Management Service
Afghanistan National Construction Co-ordination
Civil Service Commission
Co-operation Centre for Afghanistan
Helping Afghan Farmers Organisation
Irtiqa Development and Construction Organisation
Luqman Rehabilitation Organisation
Moqadas Reconstruction Organisation
Reconstruction Committee for Development of Afghanistan
Roshan Construction Company
Southern Afghanistan Development Association
Southern Rehabilitation and Aid Committee
Tribal Liaison Office
A significant proportion of DfID’s programme goes to NGOs indirectly through the Government of Afghanistan, who subcontract implementation of many of their national programmes (to which DfID contributes funding) to national and international NGOs, as well as other implementing partners. Other direct recipients of DfID funding, such as UN agencies, also use NGOs as implementing partners. We do not have a detailed list of these.