The Future of Air Transport White Paper and The Future of Air Transport Progress Report set out a sustainable strategy for aviation in the UK. They recognised the costs and benefits of air travel in economic, environmental and social terms.
The documents included a number of measures to address the environmental impact of aviation. In relation to carbon emissions, these included research and development by aerospace manufacturers to reduce the climate change impacts of future fleets and adoption by airports, airlines and air traffic controllers of working practices that minimise the impact of their activities on climate change.
The Government have made clear that they expect aviation over time to meet its external climate change costs. This is consistent with the Stern review of the economics of climate change and the Eddington transport study. With reference to this, we are arguing for aviation’s inclusions in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and propose to consult on an emissions cost assessment which will assess the extent to which aviation meets its climate change costs.