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Immigration: Failed Asylum Seekers

Volume 703: debated on Monday 30 June 2008

asked Her Majesty's Government:

What assessment they have made of the effects of the memoranda of understanding they have signed with other countries on arrangements for the return of failed asylum seekers and illegal migrants on the number of nationals of those countries who will need to be accommodated in immigration detention centres over the next five years and the average length of time such persons will spend in immigration detention centres. [HL4350]

We do not need a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to effect returns to the great majority of countries.

The MOUs that we do have are agreements with the governments concerned about the principles and practices of effecting returns—they are not predominantly about numbers, and would have no impact on detention planning.

No assessment has been made of the impact of particular MOUs on detention planning.

asked Her Majesty's Government:

To which countries failed asylum seekers were deported, and how many went to each country, in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007. [HL4377]

The accompanying table shows the number of principal asylum applicants removed and departing voluntarily from the UK, by destination in each year from 2004 to 2006. Final figures on the total number of principal asylum applicants removed and departing voluntarily from the UK during 2007 will be published in the “Asylum Statistics: United Kingdom 2007” bulletin on 21 August 2008.

Destination data have only been recorded since 2004, so this information is not available for the earlier years specified.

Further information on asylum removals from the UK is available from the Library of the House and the Home Office's Research, Development and Statistics website at: www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/immigration-asylum-stats.html.

Principal asylum applicants removed and departing voluntarily(1)(2)(3) from the UK, by destination(4), 2004-06(5)

Destination(4)

2004

2005

2006(P)

Albania

1,080

915

1,265

Macedonia

25

30

20

Moldova

65

55

50

Russia

50

60

75

Serbia and Montenegro(6)

1,595

1,305

775

Turkey

270

800

1.590

Ukraine

160

105

90

EU Countries(7)

2,965

2,380

2,160

Other Former USSR

130

140

175

Europe Other

150

135

135

Europe Total

6,485

5,925

6,335

Colombia

175

215

180

Ecuador

145

100

75

Jamaica

445

370

370

Americas Other

150

125

145

Americas Total

915

815

770

Algeria

170

190

215

Angola

85

120

95

Burundi

5

10

5

Cameroon

60

30

40

Congo

35

55

60

Dem. Rep. Congo

15

40

105

Eritrea

-

*

*

Ethiopia

20

35

80

Gambia

45

35

70

Ghana

240

220

155

Ivory Coast

50

15

30

Kenya

115

55

120

Liberia

45

25

15

Nigeria

270

560

640

Rwanda

35

5

15

Sierra Leone

45

65

90

Somalia

25

15

40

Sudan

25

45

75

Tanzania

25

35

50

Uganda

205

225

215

Zimbabwe

105

255

220

Africa Other

240

325

265

Africa Total

1,850

2,370

2,600

Iran

220

355

425

Iraq

425

795

1.725

Libya

20

30

35

Syria

25

30

40

Middle East Other

120

210

255

Middle East Total

810

1,415

2,480

Afghanistan

560

910

965

Bangladesh

310

220

240

China

90

245

270

India

275

340

515

Pakistan

455

660

880

Sri Lanka

410

380

655

Vietnam

15

50

130

Asia Other

255

275

410

Asia Total

2,365

3,070

4,065

Other, and not known

175

140

80

Total principal applicants removed

12,595

13,730

16,330

(1) Persons who had sought asylum at some stage, excluding dependants.

(2) Includes persons refused entry at port and subsequently removed (including cases dealt with at juxtaposed controls), persons departing voluntarily following enforcement action initiated against them and persons leaving under assisted voluntary return programmes run by the International Organization for Migration.

(3) Since 2005, includes persons who it is established have left the UK without informing the immigration authorities.

(4) Destination as recorded on source database.

(5) Figures rounded to the nearest five ( - = 0, * = 1 or 2) and may not sum to the totals shown because of independent rounding.

(6) Serbia and Montenegro continue to be shown as one entity for all years.

(7) Current EU countries, irrespective of the date at which they joined the EU.

(P) Provisional figures.

asked Her Majesty's Government:

What mechanisms exist to monitor the fate of failed asylum seekers following their deportation from the United Kingdom. [HL4378]

I refer the noble Lord to the answer I gave to him in my letter of 18 June 2008, a copy of which has been placed in the Library.