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Criminal Justice: Penalty Notices

Volume 710: debated on Monday 27 April 2009

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government since the introduction of "on the spot" penalty notices, for each broad category of offence and to the latest convenient period, (a) how many have been issued; (b) how many have been paid within 21 days; (c) how many have been the subject of court proceedings; and (d) how many of those that were the subject of court proceedings have been subsequently paid. [HL2667]

The number of penalty notices for disorder (PNDs) issued to persons aged 16 and over in England and Wales from 2004, commencement of the scheme, to 2007 (latest available), by offence group and outcome is shown in the tables below.

Under the PND scheme, recipients have 21 days in which either to pay the penalty or request a court hearing. Twenty-one days is the minimum period before forces can register a fine for not responding to a notice. If no action is taken, a fine of one and half times the penalty amount is registered by the courts. Fines arising from non-payment of PNDs are treated by the courts in the same way as any other unpaid fine. It is not possible to identify the payment rate of fines arising from unpaid PNDs separately, but the latest enforcement rate for all fines, including those from unpaid PNDs, is 85.2 per cent for the period April to December 2008.

Information for Scotland and Northern Ireland are matters for the Scottish Executive and the Northern Ireland Office respectively.

PND data for 2008 will be available in the autumn of 2009.

Table 1: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2004(1)

of those paid

Offence Description

Number issued

Total paid in full (%)

Paid in full within 21 days (%)

Paid in full outside 21 days (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,171

512 (44)

362 (31)

150 (13)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

117

52 (44)

36 (31)

16 (14)

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

44

18 (41)

15 (34)

3 (7)

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

28,790

14,306 (50)

10,240 (36)

4,066 (14)

Throwing fireworks

177

89 (50)

72 (41)

17 (10)

Drunk and disorderly

26,609

14,927 (56)

11,050 (42)

3,877 (15)

Criminal damage (under £500)

1,190

681 (57)

528 (44)

153 (13)

Theft (retail under £200)

2,072

870 (42)

665 (32)

205 (10)

Breach of fireworks curfew

12

10 (83)

9 (75)

1 (8)

Possession of category 4 firework

12

5 (42)

1 (8)

4 (33)

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

20

10 (50)

9 (45)

1 (5)

Sale of alcohol to person under-18

113

74 (65)

62 (55)

12 (11)

Purchase alcohol for person under-18

84

55 (65)

49 (58)

6 (7)

Delivery of alcohol to person under-18 or allowing such delivery

20

9 (45)

4 (20)

5 (25)

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

96

48 (50)

30 (31)

18 (19)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

66

35 (53)

27 (41)

8 (12)

Drunk in a highway

2,497

1,233 (49)

860 (34)

373 (15)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

485

113 (23)

82 (17)

31 (6)

Depositing and leaving litter

51

25 (49)

19 (37)

6 (12)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

7

3 (43)

3 (43)

-

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

6

3 (50)

3 (50)

-

All offences

63,639

33,078 (52)

24,126 (38)

8,952 (14)

Table 1: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2004(1)

Other outcomes

Offence Description

Fine registered (%)

Court hearing requested (%)

PND cancelled (%)

Potential prosecution (%)

Outcome unknown (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

579 (49)

15 (1)

32(3)

30(3)

3(0)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

58 (50)

2 (2)

5 (4)

-

-

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

22 (50)

-

2 (5)

1 (2)

1 (2)

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

13,125 (46)

205 (1)

666 (2)

366 (1)

122 (0)

Throwing fireworks

80 (45)

1 (1)

6 (3)

1 (1)

-

Drunk and disorderly

11,035 (41)

109 (0)

346 (1)

144 (1)

48 (0)

Criminal damage (under £500)

481 (40)

5 (0)

14 (1)

5 (0)

4 (0)

Theft (retail under £200)

1,128 (54)

13 (1)

30 (1)

12 (1)

19 (1)

Breach of fireworks curfew

2 (17)

-

-

-

-

Possession of category 4 firework

6 (50)

-

1 (8)

-

-

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

7 (35)

-

2 (10)

1 (5)

-

Sale of alcohol to person under-18

10 (9)

2 (2)

27 (24)

-

-

Purchase alcohol for person under-18

21 (25)

-

8 (10)

-

-

Delivery of alcohol to person under-18 or allowing such delivery

10 (50)

-

-

-

1 (5)

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

45 (47)

-

1 (1)

1 (1)

1 (1)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

25 (38)

-

5 (8)

1 (2)

-

Drunk in a highway

1,166 (47)

6 (0)

75 (3)

9 (0)

8 (0)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

349 (72)

2 (0)

15 (3)

4 (1)

2 (0)

Depositing and leaving litter

25 (49)

-

1 (2)

-

-

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

4 (57)

-

-

-

-

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

2 (33)

-

1 (17)

-

-

All offences

28,180 (44)

360 (1)

1,237 (2)

575 (1)

209 (0)

(1) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

- = nil

Source. Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.

Table 2: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2005(1)

of those paid

Offence Description

Number issued

Total paid in full (%)

Paid in full within 21 days (%)

Paid in full outside 21 days (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

2,525

1,199 (47)

890 (35)

309 (12)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

405

238 (59)

175 (43)

63 (16)

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

92

49 (53)

35 (38)

14 (15)

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

64,007

33,915 (53)

24,357 (38)

9,558 (15)

Throwing fireworks

642

347 (54)

253 (39)

94 (15)

Drunk and disorderly

37,038

20,862 (56)

15,420 (42)

5,442 (15)

Sale of alcohol to under-18

2,058

1,805 (88)

1,460 (71)

345 (17)

Purchasing alcohol for under-18

170

106 (62)

82 (48)

24 (14)

Purchasing alcohol for under-18 for consumption on premises

83

59 (71)

48 (58)

11 (13)

Delivery of alcohol to under-18

209

128 (61)

106 (51)

22 (11)

Criminal damage (under £500)

12,168

6,996 (57)

5,180 (43)

1,816 (15)

Theft (retail under £200)

21,997

9,057 (41)

6,965 (32)

2,092 (10)

Breach of fireworks curfew

33

18 (55)

13 (39)

5 (15)

Possession of category 4 firework

13

5 (38)

4 (31)

1 (8)

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

47

29 (62)

21 (45)

8 (17)

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

32

24 (75)

13 (41)

11 (34)

Supply of alcohol to person under-18

3

2 (66)

1 (33)

1 (33)

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

220

97 (44)

75 (34)

22 (10)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

20

13 (65)

9 (45)

4 (20)

Drunk in a highway

3,138

1,669 (53)

1,255 (40)

414 (13)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

712

168 (24)

113 (16)

55 (8)

Depositing and leaving litter

737

368 (50)

274 (37)

94 (13)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on licensed premises

84

66 (79)

54 (64)

12 (14)

Allowing consumption of alcohol for under-18

27

14 (52)

9 (33)

5 (19)

Buying alcohol by under-18

21

13 (62)

11 (52)

2 (10)

Total all offences

146,481

77,247 (53)

56,823 (39)

20,424 (14)

Table 2: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2005(1)

Other outcomes

Offence Description

Fine registered (%)

Court hearing requested (%)

PND cancelled (%)

Potential prosecution (%)

Outcome unknown (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,161 (46)

41 (2)

50 (2)

44 (2)

30 (1)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

140 (35)

7 (2)

10 (2)

7 (2)

3 (1)

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

38 (41)

2 (2)

-

3 (3)

-

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

26,754 (42)

706 (1)

1,251 (2)

808 (1)

573 (1)

Throwing fireworks

271 (42)

6 (1)

8 (1)

6 (1)

4 (1)

Drunk and disorderly

14,459 (39)

488 (1)

504 (1)

472 (1)

253 (1)

Sale of alcohol to under-18

211 (10)

5 (0)

30 (1)

4 (0)

3 (0)

Purchasing alcohol for under-18

60 (35)

-

2 (1)

1 (1)

1 (1)

Purchasing alcohol for under-18 for consumption on premises

23 (28)

-

1 (1)

-

-

Delivery of alcohol to under-18

70 (33)

3 (1)

5 (2)

2 (1)

1 (0)

Criminal damage (under £500)

4,702 (39)

107 (1)

161 (1)

123 (1)

79 (1)

Theft (retail under £200)

11,927 (54)

187 (1)

301 (1)

292 (1)

233 (1)

Breach of fireworks curfew

14 (42)

-

1 (3)

-

-

Possession of category 4 firework

8 (62)

-

-

-

-

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

15 (32)

1 (2)

1 (2)

-

1 (2)

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

6 (19)

1 (3)

-

1 (3)

-

Supply of alcohol to person under-18

1 (33)

-

-

-

-

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

115 (52)

-

3 (1)

2 (1)

3 (1)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

5 (25)

-

1 (5)

1 (5)

-

Drunk in a highway

1,339 (43)

18 (1)

59 (2)

31 (1)

22 (1)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

499 (70)

7 (1)

26 (4)

3 (0)

9 (1)

Depositing and leaving litter

325 (44)

8 (1)

23 (3)

5 (1)

8 (1)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on licensed premises

16 (19)

-

-

-

2 (2)

Allowing consumption of alcohol for under-18

12 (44)

1 (4)

-

-

-

Buying alcohol by under-18

8 (38)

-

-

-

-

Total all offences

62,179 (42)

1,588 (1)

2,437 (2)

1,805 (1)

1,225 (1)

(1) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

- = nil

Source. Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.

Table 3: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2006(1)

Of those paid

Offence description

Number issued

Total paid in full (%)

Paid in full within 21 days (%)

Paid in full outside 21 days (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

3,933

1,911 (49)

1,355 (34)

556 (14)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

909

523 (58)

388 (43)

135 (15)

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

106

43 (41)

35 (33)

8 (8)

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

82,235

43,120 (52)

30,757 (37)

12,363 (15)

Throwing fireworks

682

380 (56)

267 (39)

113 (17)

Drunk and disorderly

43,556

24,673 (57)

18,123 (42)

6,550 (15)

Criminal damage (under £500)

20,620

11,351 (55)

8,342 (40)

3,009 (15)

Theft (retail under £200)

38,772

16,169 (42)

12,370 (32)

3,799 (10)

Breach of fireworks curfew

53

34 (64)

27 (51)

7 (13)

Possession of category 4 firework

28

12 (43)

9 (32)

3 (11)

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

76

51 (67)

34 (45)

17 (22)

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

47

35 (74)

29 (62)

6 (13)

Supply of alcohol to person under-18

60

53 (88)

41 (68)

12 (20)

Sale of alcohol to person under-18

3,195

2,756 (86)

2,354 (74)

402 (13)

Purchase alcohol for person under-18

407

268 (66)

213 (52)

55 (14)

Purchase alcohol for person under-18 for consumption on premises

60

39 (65)

35 (58)

4 (7)

Delivery of alcohol to person under-18 or allowing such delivery

297

176 (59)

132 (44)

44 (15)

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

1,042

551 (53)

320 (31)

231 (22)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

15

6 (40)

5 (33)

1 (7)

Drunk in a highway

2,712

1,433 (53)

1,064 (39)

369 (14)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1,061

252 (24)

165 (16)

87 (8)

Depositing and leaving litter

1,169

593 (51)

427 (37)

166 (14)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

75

55 (73)

46 (61)

9 (12)

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

14

10 (71)

10 (71)

-

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under-18

73

52 (71)

43 (59)

9 (12)

All offences

201,197

104,546 (52)

76,591 (38)

27,955 (14)

Table 3: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2006(1)

Other outcomes

Offence description

Fine registered (%)

Court hearing requested (%)

PND cancelled (%)

Potential prosecution (%)

Outcome unknown (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,787 (45)

44 (1)

108 (3)

81 (2)

2 (0)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

319 (35)

14 (2)

26 (3)

24 (3)

3 (0)

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

52 (49)

-

6 (6)

5 (5)

-

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

35,154 (43)

780 (1)

1,914 (2)

1,126 (1)

141 (0)

Throwing fireworks

264 (39)

5 (1)

23 (3)

10 (1)

-

Drunk and disorderly

16,919 (39)

269 (1)

886 (2)

725 (2)

84 (0)

Criminal damage (under £500)

8,492 (41)

134 (1)

324 (2)

287 (1)

32 (0)

Theft (retail under £200)

21,157 (55)

203 (1)

732 (2)

392 (1)

119 (0)

Breach of fireworks curfew

16 (30)

1 (2)

1 (2)

-

1 (2)

Possession of category 4 firework

15 (54)

-

-

-

1 (4)

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

21 (28)

-

3 (4)

1 (1)

-

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

9 (19)

1 (2)

2 (4)

-

-

Supply of alcohol to person under-18

7 (12)

-

-

-

-

Sale of alcohol to person under-18

390 (12)

6 (0)

30 (1)

10 (0)

3 (0)

Purchase alcohol for person under-18

122 (30)

1 (0)

10 (2)

6 (1)

-

Purchase alcohol for person under-18 for consumption on premises

20 (33)

-

-

1 (2)

-

Delivery of alcohol to person under-18 or allowing such delivery

99 (33)

3 (1)

14 (5)

3 (1)

2 (1)

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

463 (44)

2 (0)

19 (2)

6 (1)

1 (0)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

6 (40)

-

2 (13)

-

1 (7)

Drunk in a highway

1,158 (43)

7 (0)

94 (3)

16 (1)

4 (0)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

749 (71)

7 (1)

45 (4)

6 (1)

2 (0)

Depositing and leaving litter

536 (46)

3 (0)

26 (2)

10 (1)

1 (0)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

17 (23)

-

2 (3)

1 (1)

-

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

4 (29)

-

-

-

-

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under-18

20 (27)

-

1 (1)

-

-

All offences

87,796 (44)

1,480 (1)

4,268 (2)

2,710 (1)

397 (0)

(1) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

- = nil

Source Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.

Table 4: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2007(1)

Of those paid

Offence description

Number issued

Total paid in full (%)

Paid in full within 21 days (%)

Paid in full outside 21 days (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

3,966

1,862 (47)

1,384 (35)

478 (12)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

1,193

670 (56)

526 (44)

144 (12)

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

96

55 (57)

38 (40)

17 (18)

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

77,827

40,357 (52)

30,761 (40)

9,596 (12)

Throwing fireworks

649

374 (58)

290 (45)

84 (13)

Drunk and disorderly

46,996

26,367 (56)

19,727 (42)

6,640 (14)

Criminal damage (under £500)

19,946

11,072 (56)

8.401 (42)

2,671 (13)

Theft (retail under £200)

45,146

19,111 (42)

15.390 (34)

3,721 (8)

Breach of fireworks curfew

39

25 (64)

20 (51)

5 (13)

Possession of category 4 firework

22

10 (45)

7 (32)

3 (14)

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

106

67 (63)

57 (54)

10 (9)

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

81

64 (79)

50 (62)

14 (17)

Supply of alcohol to person under-18

54

41 (76)

31 (57)

10 (19)

Sale of alcohol to person under-18

3,583

3,074 (86)

2,623 (73)

451 (13)

Purchase alcohol for person under 16

555

320 (58)

244 (44)

76 (14)

Purchase alcohol for person under-18 for consumption on premises

64

31 (48)

23 (36)

8 (13)

Delivery of alcohol to person under-18 or allowing such delivery

431

268 (62)

219 (51)

49 (11)

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

1,527

780 (51)

441 (29)

339 (22)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

25

13 (52)

11 (44)

2 (8)

Drunk in a highway

2,066

1,146 (55)

942 (46)

204 (10)

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1,544

328 (21)

259 (17)

69 (4)

Depositing and leaving litter

1,374

705 (51)

541 (39)

164 (12)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

85

67 (79)

55 (65)

12 (14)

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

11

9 (82)

8 (73)

1 (9)

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under-18

158

109 (69)

85 (54)

24 (15)

All offences

207,544

106,925 (52)

82,133 (40)

24,792 (12)

Table 4: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 2007(1)

Other outcomes

Offence description

Fine registered (%)

Court hearing requested (%)

PND cancelled (%)

Potential prosecution (%)

Outcome unknown (%)

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,807 (46)

34 (1)

122 (3)

140 (4)

1 (0)

Misuse of public telecommunications system

431 (36)

17 (1)

43 (4)

32 (3)

-

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

37 (39)

-

3 (3)

1 (1)

-

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

33,021 (42)

626 (1)

2,210 (3)

1,577 (2)

36 (0)

Throwing fireworks

223 (34)

9 (1)

30 (5)

13 (2)

-

Drunk and disorderly

18,161 (39)

244 (1)

1,038 (2)

1.177 (3)

9 (0)

Criminal damage (under £500)

7,979 (40)

112 (1)

384 (2)

393 (2)

6 (0)

Theft (retail under £200)

24.344 (54)

172 (0)

988 (2)

507 (1)

24 (0)

Breach of fireworks curfew

13 (33)

-

1 (3)

-

-

Possession of category 4 firework

10 (45)

-

2 (9)

-

-

Possession by a person under-18 of adult firework

31 (29)

1 (1)

5 (5)

2 (2)

-

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

9 (11)

3 (4)

2 (2)

3 (4)

-

Supply of alcohol to person under-18

11 (20)

1 (2)

1 (2)

-

-

Sale of alcohol to person under-18

405 (11)

13 (0)

69 (2)

22 (1)

-

Purchase alcohol for person under 16

211 (38)

4 (1)

14 (3)

5 (1)

1 (0)

Purchase alcohol for person under-18 for consumption on premises

22 (34)

-

10 (16)

1 (2)

-

Delivery of alcohol to person under-18 or allowing such delivery

138 (32)

1 (0)

19 (4)

5 (1)

-

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

675 (44)

-

45 (3)

26 (2)

1 (0)

Throwing stones at a train / railway

10 (40)

-

2 (8)

-

-

Drunk in a highway

788 (38)

8 (0)

94 (5)

30 (1)

-

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1,090 (71)

6 (0)

87 (6)

32 (2)

1 (0)

Depositing and leaving litter

589 (43)

2 (0)

64 (5)

13 (1)

1 (0)

Consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

16 (19)

-

2 (2)

-

-

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under-18 on relevant premises

1 (9)

1 (9)

-

-

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under-18

35 (22)

13 (8)

1 (1)

-

All offences

90,057 (43)

1,253 (1)

5,249 (3)

3,980 (2)

80 (0)

(1) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

- = nil

Source Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.