To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the compliance with human rights norms of Greek Cypriots being able to litigate through the European Court of Justice in respect of property in the north of Cyprus but Turkish Cypriots being prevented from doing so in relation to their property occupied by Greek Cypriots in the south. [HL4372]
The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has no direct jurisdiction in relation to disputes over property between private parties. The ECJ works in conjunction with the national courts of the EU member states, which themselves apply Community law. Any national court which is called upon to decide a dispute involving Community law may, and sometimes must, submit questions of Community law to the ECJ for a preliminary ruling. Turkish Cypriots may pursue relevant complaints before the courts of member states where those courts have jurisdiction over the subject matter of the dispute.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the role of the Greek President of the European Court of Justice in taking an active role in the Apostolides v Orams case and in making a visit to southern Cyprus before delivering the judgment. [HL4373]
We have made no assessment of the role of the Greek President of the European Court of Justice in the Apostolides v Orams case. The European Court of Justice is an independent judicial institution. We have no reason to doubt the court's impartiality.