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Written Answers

Volume 712: debated on Thursday 9 July 2009

Written Answers

Thursday 9 July 2009

Afghanistan

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they intend to draw up an agreement between the military and civilian authorities in Afghanistan to engender confidence. [HL4664]

UK forces, along with 41 other contributing nations, participate in the North Atlantic Treat Organisation's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan at the invitation of the democratically elected Afghan Government and at the request of the UN. The objective of the international community's involvement in Afghanistan is to establish the right security environment in which accountable and effective institutions can develop and Afghan-led reconstruction and development can be established. Gaining and securing the confidence of the Afghan population is critical to achieving our objectives. The newly appointed commander of ISAF, General Stanley McChrystal, is currently conducting a review of ISAF operations. We await its recommendations. We welcome General McChrystal's recent statements emphasising ISAF's determination to protect the Afghan population from the insurgents and to seek to minimise the effect of ISAF operations on the population. The UK will continue to support ISAF and the Government of Afghanistan in their efforts to do this. ISAF and the wider international community working in Afghanistan, including the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, will continue to work closely with the Government of Afghanistan and the Afghan National Security Forces in pursuit of their objectives on behalf of the people of Afghanistan.

Armed Forces: Budgets

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how they intend to allocate the defence budget between military salaries and large defence equipment projects. [HL4829]

The Defence Plan 2008-12 (Cm 7385), sets out the planned defence budget up to 2010-11 in section IV entitled “The Government Expenditure Plan”. This reflects the outcome of the 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review and includes a high level breakdown of costs. Copies of The Defence Plan 2008-12 are available in the Library of the House and can also be found at the following link at http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/AboutDefence/CorporatePublications/BusinessPlans/DefencePlans/.

Armed Forces: Reserves

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that reservists in Her Majesty's armed forces who draw the jobseeker's allowance immediately before being called up for full-time service will have that allowance automatically restored once the period of full-time service is complete. [HL4437]

Reservists who are returning to jobseeker's allowance, who have had a gap of less than 26 weeks between claims, can make a rapid reclaim to jobseeker's allowance. This means that the claim process is shortened and the return to benefit is simpler and quicker.

However, it is not possible automatically to restore a person's benefit as they may have had changes in their circumstances which may mean they are entitled to a different benefit or an increase in their entitlement.

Banking: Charges

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what measures they propose to prevent United Kingdom retail banks from levying excessive or hidden charges on bank customers. [HL4883]

I refer the noble Lord to the reply I gave to Lord Laird on 7 July 2009 (Official Report, col. WA 123).

“Bank charges are a matter for the regulatory authorities. The treatment of charges is set out in the Banking Code, which is monitored by the Banking Code Standards Board.

The Financial Services Authority will introduce a new conduct of business regime, covering all retail banking services within its remit on 1 November 2009. It will introduce a new principles-based framework and conduct rules. The Financial Services Authority will consult on areas where additional rules or guidance may be needed.

The Office of Fair Trading is pursuing a test case against a group of banks on the fairness of unarranged overdraft charging terms. It is also working with stakeholders to address the concerns identified in its market study into the operation of the market for personal current accounts. This, together with the resolution of the bank charges test case, will open the way to introduce transparent price structures and simpler mechanisms for switching from one provider to another”.

Bloody Sunday Inquiry

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the cost to date of the Bloody Sunday inquiry; when it is expected to report; and what further costs are expected. [HL4610]

The cost of the Bloody Sunday inquiry to the end of May is £188 million, including legal costs incurred by the Ministry of Defence. The Northern Ireland Office has agreed a package of measures with the inquiry to reduce running costs during the remaining stages by around 20 per cent. These measures include closure of the inquiry's Londonderry office and renegotiation of IT contracts and rents. The total cost of the inquiry is expected to be around £190 million.

Lord Saville wrote to my right honourable friend the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in January 2009 stating that it is still his intention to submit his report in the autumn of this year. The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland has had no indication from Lord Saville that there will be any further delays.

Compensation Agency

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how much the Compensation Agency has paid out in compensation in each year since its formation. [HL4672]

The following table sets out the amount of compensation paid out by the Compensation Agency, in each year, since its formation on 1 April 1992.

Compensation Paid

1000's

1992-93

105,343.61

1993-94

99,972.39

1994-95

90,161.34

1995-96

69,800.43

1996-97

59,508.23

1997-98

67,663.37

1998-99

80,701.57

1999-00

82,359.59

2000-01

52,674.99

2001-02

64,387.95

2002-03

62,962.34

2003-04

58,443.36

2004-05

48,536.19

2005-06

50,229.49

2006-07

40,308.70

2007-08

49,043.95

2008-09

33,243.40

Total

1,115,340.90

NB: The above figures include the compensation paid out on all the Compensation Schemes in each year since its formation on 1 April 1992.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many staff were employed in the Compensation Agency in each year since its formation. [HL4673]

The following table sets out the average staff employed by the Compensation Agency, in each year, since its formation on 1 April 1992.

Year

Average staff employed per year

1992-93

151

1993-94

164

1994-95

157

1995-96

134

1996-97

123

1997-98

126

1998-99

131

1999-2000

125

2000-2001

125

2001-2002

132

2002-2003

145

2003-2004

131

2004-2005

120

2005-2006

105

2006-2007

88

2007-2008

77

2008-2009

71

NB: The above average staff employed figures include both full time and part time staff.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: ICT

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer on 28 April by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Huw Irranca-Davies (Official Report, House of Commons, col. 1162W), whether the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs intends to raise income by renting out part of the 85 per cent unused capacity on its Unix servers or the 94 per cent unused on its Wintel servers. [HL4659]

Defra outsourced IT service provision (which included transfer of server ownership) to IBM in 2004. Under this contract, the department purchases access to applications services hosted on servers provided and managed by IBM. Therefore we are not in a position to consider raising income by renting out capacity on them.

Diplomatic Immunity

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what are the institutions and bodies of the European Union which enjoy diplomatic immunities and privileges in the United Kingdom; what those diplomatic immunities and privileges are; and how many people enjoy them. [HL4653]

There are 11 organisations of the European Union with facilities in the UK that are entitled to certain privileges and immunities. They are:

European Commission;

European Investment Bank;

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training;

European Maritime Safety Agency;

European Medicines Agency;

European Molecular Biology Laboratory;

European Network and Information Security Agency;

European Parliament;

European Patent Office;

European Police School; and

European School.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has been notified of 2,282 staff and their dependants at the above listed organisations that may be entitled to some form of privileges and immunities. The extent of the privileges and immunities accorded varies between the different organisations, such as immunity from jurisdiction and legal process and exemption or relief from certain taxes.

In addition, other EU institutions and bodies which are not based in the UK are also entitled to certain privileges and immunities under the terms of the European Communities Act 1972.

Education Maintenance Allowance

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they intend to freeze the level of the education maintenance allowance in 2009–10; and whether it will be increased in 2010–11 and 2011–12. [HL4798]

We currently have no plans to increase the level of the education maintenance allowance. EMA is an incentive paid direct to young people to encourage them to participate in post compulsory learning. We have no evidence to suggest the current rate of payment does not provide the required incentive. Since it was introduced participation in post-16 learning has increased each year. EMA is not designed to meet all of a young person's living costs—help with these is provided through child benefit and working tax credits, or through the benefit system provided through the Department for Work and Pensions.

Gurkhas

Questions

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will consider increasing the pension for Gurkhas who served prior to 1997 to a level equal to other British army soldiers with the same length of service from 1 April 2010. [HL4748]

It has been the policy of successive Governments not to implement changes to pensions and similar benefits retrospectively. This policy has been applied across the public sector in the United Kingdom, not just to Gurkha veterans. To do so now would not only be counter to this policy but would also lead to potential claims from other groups in public sector schemes.

The Gurkha pension scheme pays pensions earlier than the Armed Forces pension scheme. This is because Gurkhas are unlikely to work again in Nepal unlike their British counterparts, in the UK. For example, a Gurkha rifleman or corporal with 15 years (approximately 85 per cent of those receiving GPS payments) can claim an immediate pension (from age 33) whereas equivalent service under the AFPS would not attract pension payments until age 60. Like any pension scheme, the earlier the benefits are paid the lower the annual payment.

It has been estimated that the cost of increasing the annual pension payments for Gurkhas who served prior to 1 July 1997 to the amount received by their UK equivalents would be £1.5 billion over 20 years.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what the estimated cost would be of increasing the future pensions of Gurkhas who served prior to 1997 to a level equal to other British Army soldiers of the same rank. [HL4752]

It has been estimated that the cost of increasing the pensions for Gurkhas who served prior to 1 July 1997 to the amount received by their UK equivalents would be £1.5 billion over 20 years.

The Gurkha pension scheme pays pensions earlier than the Armed Forces pension scheme. This is because Gurkhas are unlikely to work again in Nepal unlike their British counterparts, in the UK. For example, a Gurkha rifleman or corporal with 15 years (approximately 85 per cent of those receiving GPS payments) can claim an immediate pension (from age 33) whereas equivalent service under the AFPS would not attract pension payments until age 60. Like any pension scheme, the earlier the benefits are paid the lower the annual payment.

Housing: Second Homes

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what percentage of rural dwellings are taxed as second homes in each of the regions of England and Wales; and what are the equivalent figures for coastal areas. [HL4660]

Details of the percentage of rural dwellings registered as second homes for council tax purposes in each of the regions of England or in coastal areas are not collected centrally.

Data for Wales are a matter for the Welsh Assembly Government.

Iran

Questions

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of the United States about its proscription of the National Council of Resistance of Iran; and what was the response. [HL4667]

We have made no representation to the US Government about their proscription of the National Council of Resistance of Iran. The status of any organisation in another country is a matter for the authorities of that country.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they and other European Union member states have agreed sanctions against the Government of Iran in response to its recent action against protesters. [HL4668]

The EU has made clear its serious concerns about the Iranian authorities' response to the legitimate demonstrations that followed the Iranian elections. In a declaration on 19 June 2009, the EU condemned the use of violence against protesters. On 28 June 2009 the EU condemned the continued arrest and detention of peaceful demonstrators.

No sanctions have been agreed by the EU in response to the recent actions. We continue to monitor the situation in Iran closely.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the number of demonstrators shot by state forces in Iran and of the circumstances surrounding the death of female student Neda Soltan during a protest. [HL4669]

On 20 June 2009, Iranian state media confirmed that at least 21 people had been killed and many more injured during post-election clashes. It has not been possible for us to conduct an independent assessment of the total number of protesters who have been killed.

The death of Ms Neda Soltani was captured on video and widely circulated on the internet. Accusations by the Iranian regime that foreign governments or media organisations were responsible are without foundation.

We have made it clear that we deplore the post-electoral violence which has led to the loss of lives of Iranian civilians. We urge Iran to respect fundamental human rights, including freedom of expression.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have made representations directly or through the United Nations concerning the Ayatollah Khatami's public demand that leaders of the current protests in Iran must be executed. [HL4670]

We are extremely concerned by reports that the Iranian Government have set up special courts to deal with those arrested and have threatened harsh sentences. Ayatollah Khatami's comments are absolutely unacceptable and we urge the Iranian authorities to guarantee the lives and rights of those arrested in the post-election violence. These individuals must be protected from torture or ill-treatment, allowed access to their families, lawyers and any necessary medical treatment.

Along with our EU partners, we have strongly supported UN statements voicing grave concern about the use of excessive police force, arbitrary arrests and killings in the Islamic Republic of Iran and urging the Government fully to guarantee freedom of expression and assembly throughout the country.

Kenya

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assistance they have given to the government of Kenya in forming before the end of August 2009 a special tribunal to try the perpetrators of the post-election unrest. [HL4791]

The UK has been the leading donor to the Kofi Annan mediation process (£1.4 million over two years). This included support to the Waki Commission, which recommended the establishment of a special tribunal to try the perpetrators of the post-election unrest.

We continue to urge the Kenyan Government to establish a credible, independent tribunal with a strong international element, to investigate and prosecute those responsible for the violence that followed the 2007 elections. I raised this most recently with the Kenyan Prime Minister on 6 July 2009 in London. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the Kenyan Government to ensure justice for the victims of the post-election unrest and to take credible action to break the culture of impunity.

Ministry of Justice

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they plan to move the offices of the Ministry of Justice outside London. [HL4639]

The Ministry of Justice is, in line with government policies on relocating Civil Service jobs out of central London, investigating the feasibility of establishing a new location for a regional administrative headquarters.

We are working to identify the most cost-effective means of providing support and administrative services for the ministry and we will be co-ordinating this work with other government departments. As soon as we have reached a decision, the Justice Secretary will inform Parliament.

Northern Ireland Office

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Northern Ireland Office checks which other organisations are funding a project when it is considering funding the same project. [HL4622]

When the Northern Ireland Office, including the Public Prosecution Service Northern Ireland but excluding its agencies and executive NDPBs, receives a request for project funding, all funding issues are reviewed before a decision is taken to make a contribution either to fully fund, part fund or co-fund the project.

Ofsted

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many of Her Majesty's Ofsted inspectors are qualified teachers with teaching experience. [HL4387]

Pensions

Questions

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether HM Treasury will publish an annual pensions statement showing national insurance contributions and pensions paid out. [HL4642]

The Government Actuary Department publishes an annual report on the Social Security Benefits Up-rating Order and the Social Security (Contributions) (Re-rating) Order. This report includes estimates for payments from and receipts into the National Insurance Fund. The most recent report was published by the Government's Actuary Department in January 2009.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of any relationship between employment levels and the provision of pensions by the state. [HL4644]

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of any relationship between tax incentive schemes which aim to increase employment and the provision of pensions by the state. [HL4645]

The requested information is not available.

However, the Government recognise that increasing employment and reducing unemployment and inactivity are key to driving economic growth and improving prosperity.

Work, for those who can, remains the best and most sustainable route out of poverty. We continue to target extra resources on people who are at the greatest disadvantage while being careful not to reduce their incentives to work.

The Government understand the importance of a balance between the working and retired populations so that the state pensions system can continue to be supported. That is why the reform programme outlined in the Pensions Acts of 2007 and 2008 is vital for the long-term sustainability of the system. Gradually raising the state pension age means that pensioners will account for just over a fifth of the population from 2025, a proportion that remains broadly stable to 2055.

The reforms strike a balance between protection from poverty and encouraging saving, in a way that is sustainable for tax payers.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact on retired teachers of their pensions authority's reduction in pensions payments of up to 12 per cent to compensate for previous overpayments. [HL4812]

To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they will take to alleviate any hardship faced by retired teachers as a result of the reduction in their pensions of up to 12 per cent. [HL4813]

It is not possible to assess the individual income of affected members, and therefore the impact of the pension reduction, because the teachers' pension may provide only a small percentage of the teacher pensioner's income. All teacher pensioners received a 5 per cent increase in their pension from April 2009, which was taken into account in determining the timing of their reduction.

The teachers' pension administrator has issued guidance to all affected teacher pensioners living in the UK containing details of different agencies that can offer help and support. Pensioners who had the largest percentage reduction in pension were also offered a visit from the Department for Work and Pensions to review whether they are entitled to further benefits.

Police: Northern Ireland

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer by Baroness Royall of Blaisdon on 24 June (WA 291) which indicated that the threat from dissident republicans remains consistently more serious than at any time in the past five years, what extra funding and resources are being made available to the Police Service of Northern Ireland to deal with that threat. [HL4676]

The Government have recently provided the chief constable with access to an additional £28.7 million in 2009-10 to meet the dissident threat with the bid for 2010-11 to be considered at a later stage.

This reflects the commitment the Prime Minister and Secretary of State made to ensure that the chief constable has the resources he needs made available to him to meet the dissident threat.

Railways: Heart of Wales

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to ensure that the Heart of Wales railway line is fully operational, including the passing loops which are out of use. [HL4702]

Network Rail is funded to maintain the steady state of the rail network in terms of the capability and capacity of the network. The independent Office of Rail Regulation is aware of the issues associated with the temporary reduction in the number of passing loops on the single track Heart of Wales line.

Network Rail sought a formal short-term network change at each of the loops to formalise the temporary reduced capability of the infrastructure. The Department for Transport has objected to the proposed temporary loss of capacity on the line.

Railways: High-speed Lines

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the High Speed Two rail project will be included in their future spending plans. [HL4830]

High Speed Two will report to Government at the end of the year on a route proposal, including financing and construction options, for a new line between London and the West Midlands and the potential for new lines beyond the West Midlands at the level of broad corridors. A decision on the route between London and the West Midlands will be taken following a public consultation during 2010.

Schools: Teacher Training

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to encourage initial teacher training providers to incorporate training in teaching resource availability and use in initial teacher training provisions. [HL4640]

The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) has been running a substantial programme of support to encourage the use of information technology as a teaching resource in initial teacher training. The standards for teachers, including the standards that trainee teachers have to meet to gain qualified teacher status (QTS), make specific references to ICT. To gain QTS a teacher must know how to use ICT to support their teaching and wider professional activities and be able to design opportunities for learners to develop their ICT skills. All trainee teachers have to pass skills tests in numeracy, literacy and ICT as a prerequisite of gaining QTS.

Over the past six years nearly £20 million has been made available to ensure that the new teachers leaving teacher training have the necessary skills to use ICT effectively in their teaching and in their professional development.

Initially, the funding was targeted at laptops for trainee teachers. Funding has also been provided for interactive whiteboards for teacher training establishments to mirror the substantial government investment in interactive whiteboards for schools. Funding and support was also directed to areas such as video capture and analysis. Several projects involving handheld technologies have been supported to test out the value of these in teacher training.

A number of alternative methods of video conferencing between teacher training institutions and schools have been tested. Several regional seminars run by the TDA jointly with the Government supported Janet Videoconferencing Service to provide advice to teacher trainers.

With support from the British Educational Suppliers Association and working in partnership with the IT in Teacher Education group there is now in place a special software licence for teacher trainers that recognises the particular nature of teacher training and allows a reduced cost for educational software. The TDA also has an agreement with eight major educational software companies that some of their software can be made available to teacher trainers at no cost.

The TDA is currently funding more than 100 small e-portfolio and research projects with teacher trainers. The Teacher Training Resource Bank has been established by the TDA to provide internet access for teacher training providers and trainees to the research and evidence base informing teacher education.

The TDA has provided support for teacher training in e-safety and helped develop support for trainee teachers in this area. A suite of e-safety materials are available to support e-safety with children including information and advice for parents. This material is being supplemented by an e-safety module, commissioned by the TDA, as part of the European Pedagogical ICT Certificate for teachers.

Taxation: Income Tax

Questions

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many of those domiciled in (a) England, (b) Scotland, (c) Northern Ireland, and (d) Wales pay income tax; and what those figures represent as percentages of the respective populations. [HL4607]

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how HM Revenue and Customs determines which taxpayers are English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish. [HL4608]

The numbers of people liable to pay income tax in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales can be found in Table 2.2 “Number of individual income taxpayers by country and region” on the HM Revenue and Customs website at http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/stats/income_tax/menu.htm.

The published table includes the information shown below.

Number of individual income taxpayers by country (thousands)(1)

Year

England

Wales

Scotland

Northern Ireland

2006-07(2)

26,600

1,480

2,700

785

2007-08(3)

27,000

1,500

2,740

796

2008-09(3)

25,900

1,430

2,630

761

2009-10(3)

24,600

1,360

2,510

721

(1) Estimates have been rounded to three significant figures.

(2) Latest year of the Survey of Personal incomes.

(3) Projected estimates based on the 2006-07 Survey of Personal incomes in line with Budget 2009.

The postcodes of taxpayers are mapped to a range of administrative, political and other geographical categorisations for statistical purposes.

The proportion of the total population, or adult population, which taxpayers in each country represent, can be based on population estimates and projections published by the Office of National Statistics on their website at http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product .asp?vlnk=15106and http://www.statistics.gov.uk/ STATBASE/Product.asp?vlnk=8519.

Population estimates and projections for all ages are given in the table below.

Estimated mid-year resident population (thousands)

Year

England

Wales

Scotland

Northern Ireland

Mid-2006(1)

50,762.9

2,965.9

5,116.9

1,741.6

Mid-2007(1)

51,092.0

2,980.0

5,144.2

1,759.1

Mid-2008(2)

51,487.6

2,993.4

5,157.1

1,773.6

Mid-2009(2)

51,888.3

3,007.7

5,174.6

1,786.9

(1) Population estimates.

(2) Population projections.

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government whether HM Revenue and Customs has procedures in place to determine who is a Scottish taxpayer for the purpose of a decision by the Scottish Parliament to vary the basic rate of income tax for Scottish taxpayers under Part IV of the Scotland Act 1998. [HL4609]

Teachers: Qualifications

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government what place child development and behaviour management will have in the new post post-graduate certificate in education qualification. [HL4589]

One of the four key content areas of the Masters in Teaching and Learning (MTL) includes coverage of child development and behaviour management. All participants will be required to cover the four content areas during the course of their MTL. These are set out in the MTL National Framework, which is the basis on which MTL providers are developing their MTL programmes. The MTL National Framework can be viewed at www.tda.gov.uk/mtl . As the MTL is a practice-based qualification, we would expect to see teachers emerging from the programme with well developed knowledge, skills and understanding relating to child development and behaviour management.

Terrorism: Anti-terrorist Hotline

Questions

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many calls have been received by the anti-terrorist hotline in each quarter since its introduction. [HL4412]

To ask Her Majesty's Government what was the purpose of the anti-terrorist hotline at its inception. [HL4413]

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the effectiveness of the anti-terrorist hotline. [HL4414]

To ask Her Majesty's Government how much they have spent on the anti-terrorist hotline in each year since its introduction; and what proportion of its funding was spent on publicity. [HL4415]

The confidential anti-terrorist hotline is administered by the Metropolitan Police Service. The hotline receives, on average, 243 calls per month.

In March 2009, the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) launched a national media campaign to raise counterterrorism awareness. The anti-terrorist hotline received more than 1,800 calls in March 2009 and more than 1,100 in April 2009.

The anti-terrorist hotline is a 24-hour facility for members of the public to volunteer information to specially-trained police officers, in confidence, regarding any activity which they suspect to be terrorism-related.

The police service considers the anti-terrorist hotline to be a valuable means for the public to volunteer information in confidence. It is assessed that more than 80 per cent of calls received by the hotline contain information relevant to terrorist activity.

It is estimated that the anti-terrorist hotline costs approximately £120,000 to run each year.

A national media campaign to raise counterterrorism awareness was launched earlier this year by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), costing a total of £1.7 million. The anti-terrorist hotline number was included in all related publicity material.