The Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (Sections 12 and 13) provides for designated public places orders (DPPOs). These orders can be applied for by a local authority for use in areas that have experienced alcohol-related disorder or nuisance. A DPPO does not make it a criminal offence to consume alcohol within a designated area. An offence is committed if an individual refuses to comply with a constable’s request to refrain from drinking. The Home Office published guidance on DPPOs in December 2008 and this can be found by using the web link at http://www.crimereduction.homeoffice.gov.uk/alcoholorders/alcoholorders01.htm.