The EU New Car CO2 regulation, adopted in April 2009, sets sales-weighted, fleet average CO2 targets for car manufacturers at the EU level. The regulation requires manufacturers failing to meet their targets to pay an excess emissions premium, which is designed financially to incentivise compliance.
Although not directly targeted at meeting the EU targets, the Government are taking a range of actions to support car makers, consumers and other parties in making the transition to a lower-emitting future, which will help the targets to be met. In February 2009 the Government launched the £2.3 billion automotive assistance programme, with the development of green technologies to reduce CO2 emissions as one eligibility criterion. We have made £140 million available for research, development and demonstration of new lower-emitting technologies and vehicles, through the Technology Strategy Board's low carbon vehicle innovation platform.
The Government will shortly announce details of how the £230 million consumer incentive to reduce the up-front cost of purchasing an electric or plug-in hybrid will operate. Consumers are also encouraged to purchase low-emitting vehicles through the taxation system, notably through the structures of VED, company car tax and enhanced capital allowances.
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer by the then Minister of State at the Department for Transport, Stephen Ladyman, on 25 June 2007 (Official Report, House of Commons, 522–3W), what are the current emissions figures for diesel and petrol engines. [HL5655]
The Written Answer of 25 June 2007 gave air quality and carbon dioxide emissions expressed as fleet average emissions in grams per kilometre, broken down by vehicle type. The Department for Transport does not hold an updated version of this information using the latest modelling assumptions.
However, an emissions factor demonstration tool, enabling users to produce similar estimates, was published as part of research on updating vehicle emissions inventory modelling assumptions, on 29 June 2009. This is available on the department’s website at http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/environment/emissions/.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will introduce air pollution scores and greenhouse gas scores for vehicles sold in the United Kingdom similar to the United States Environmental Protection Agency's green vehicle guide; and, if so, when. [HL5656]
New cars are already labelled with a user-friendly, colour-coded, CO2 emissions rating in most new car showrooms. The system used by the United States Environmental Protection Agency would not be appropriate for use in the United Kingdom where, in contrast to the more complex arrangements in the United States, legislation imposes the same air pollutant emission standards on all cars using a given fuel type.
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer by the then Minister of State at the Department for Transport, Stephen Ladyman, on 25 June 2007 (Official Report, House of Commons, 522–3W), what are the current average emissions figures for new vehicles on sale in England and Wales. [HL5657]
For new passenger cars sold in the UK in 2008 the average CO2 emissions were 158g/km. This breaks down into an average of 160g/km for petrol cars and 157g/km for diesel cars (reflecting the fact that, counteracting their higher efficiency, average diesel cars are larger than average petrol cars).
Registration weighted fleet average figures for air quality emissions are not available and, unlike CO2 emissions, it is not possible to produce meaningful averages from type approval data.