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Crime: Shootings and Stabbings

Volume 714: debated on Tuesday 10 November 2009

Question

Asked by

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many deaths there were in (a) Greater London, and (b) Manchester, caused by (1) shootings, and (2) stabbings, in each of (i) 2005 to 2009, and (ii) 1995 to 1999. [HL6188]

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Jil Matheson, National Statistician, to Lord Maginnis of Drumglass, dated November 2009.

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent question asking how many deaths there were in (a) Greater London, and (b) Manchester, caused by (1) shootings, and (2) stabbings, in each of (i) 2005 to 2009, and (ii) 1995 to 1999. (HL6188)

Figures for deaths registered in 2009 are not yet available. To allow comparisons with the earlier 5-year period requested (1995 to 1999), figures for the most recent 5-year period available have been provided (2004 to 2008).

The table below provides the number deaths in (a) London government office region, and (b) Manchester metropolitan borough, with an underlying cause of (1) firearm injury, and (2) cut/pierce injury, by intent, for the period (i) 2004-08 and (ii) 1995-99.

Table 1. Number of deaths with an underlying cause of firearm or cut/pierce injury, by intent, London government office region and Manchester metropolitan district, 2004-08 and 1995-991,2,3,4

Deaths (persons)

2004-08

1995-99

Mechanism

Intent

London

Manchester

London

Manchester

Shooting

Homicide and probable homicide

57

3

49

0

Legal intervention/war

3

0

1

0

Suicide

20

1

42

2

Undetermined

1

3

12

0

Unintentional

2

0

2

1

Total

83

7

106

3

Stabbing

Homicide and probable homicide

39

0

67

2

Legal intervention/war

0

0

0

0

Suicide

62

5

52

4

Undetermined

29

0

23

3

Unintentional

10

1

16

1

Total

140

6

158

10

1 The causes of death of firearm and cut/pierce injury, by intent, were defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for the years 1995 to 1999, and Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes for 2004 to 2008, as shown in Box 1 below.

2 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.

3 Using government office region and local authority boundaries as of 2009.

4 Deaths registered pending the result of criminal proceedings (not involving transport accidents), are classified as “unspecified” mechanism and “undetermined” intent deaths. These deaths are not included in the table above, and many are subsequently reported as being homicides. Final homicide figures are therefore likely to be higher than those reported at initial death registration.

Box 1. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes used to define deaths with an underlying cause of firearm and cut/pierce injury, by intent

Firearm

Cut/pierce

Intent

ICD-9

ICD-10

ICD-9

ICD-10

Unintentional

E922

W32-W34

E920

W25-W29, W45

Suicide

E955.0-.4

X72-X74

E956

X78

Undetermined

E985.0-.4

Y22-Y24

E986

Y28

Homicide and probable homicide

E965.0-.4

X93-X95

E966

X99

Legal intervention/war

E970

Y35.0

E974

Y35.4