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House of Commons Hansard
x
Antisocial Behaviour
11 November 2009
Volume 499
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To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many (a) cautions and (b) fines were imposed for (i) vandalism, (ii) graffiti, (iii) littering, (iv) throwing fireworks into any street or public place and (v) anti-social behaviour in each district and unitary council area in Essex in each of the last eight quarters for which records are available. [298273]

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The number of offenders given cautions, and those imposed with a court fine for selected offences of antisocial behaviour in the Essex police force area, by quarter, for 2006 and 2007 (latest available) is shown in tables 1 and 2.

Apart from criminal damage (which includes minor acts of vandalism and graffiti up to a value of £300), littering and throwing fireworks, penalty notices for disorder (PNDs) can also be issued for a range of other antisocial behaviour offences including behaviour likely to cause fear, alarm and distress (section 5 of the Public Order Act 1986). This disposal was introduced as part of the Government’s strategy to tackle low-level, antisocial and nuisance offending. It has been designed to provide officers with a means of dealing with simple, straightforward cases in a prompt and effective way, saving police time, reducing bureaucracy and reserving courts for more complex cases. The number of PNDs issued in the Essex police force area in 2006 and 2007, by quarter, broken down by offence, is shown in table 3.

Information held by the Ministry of Justice cannot identify the district or unitary council area in which these offences were committed. Hence, data for the Essex police force area are given in lieu.

Court proceedings data for 2008 are planned for publication on 28 January 2010.

Fixed penalty notices (FPNs) can be issued by local authorities for graffiti and littering offences. These data are collected annually by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. There were no fixed penalty notices issued for graffiti offences in Essex between April 2006 and March 2008. Information on fixed penalty notices issued for littering offences in each local authority in Essex are provided in table 4.

Table 1: Number of offenders cautioned1 for antisocial behaviour offences for which a PND may be issued in Essex police force area, by quarter, for 2006 and 20072

2006

2007

Statute

Offence description

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Theft Act 1968 Sec. 1

Stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting)3

447

488

485

649

690

694

668

559

Various

Other criminal damage4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Explosives Act 1875, Sec. 80

Throwing, casting or firing any fireworks in or into any highway, street, etc. public place

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Public Order Act 1986 Sec. 5

Harassment, alarm or distress

70

78

8

11

231

238

255

228

Police Reform Act 2002 Sch.4 Para.5 (Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S. 12). Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S. 12

Contravene a community support officers’ requirement not to consume liquor. Penalty offence under S.1 Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001—alcohol consumption in designated public places

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Criminal Justice Act 1967 Sec. 91

Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour

3

4

0

0

0

0

0

0

Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec. 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec. 169(1)

Holder of occasional permission or his agent knowingly selling to, knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell, intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc. intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Fire Services Act 1947 Sec. 31

False alarms of fire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Environmental Protection Act 1990 Sec. 87

Depositing litter

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

British Transport Commission Act 1949 S.55, 56. Railway Offences: Offences against Private Acts relating to Railways (other than 169, 1-6).

Trespass, throwing stones

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Criminal Law Act 1967 Sec. 5(2)

Causing wasteful employment of the police etc.

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Communications Act 2003 S. 127

Improper use of public electronic communications network

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

522

571

493

660

921

932

923

787

1 The cautions statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been cautioned for two or more offences at the same time, the principal offence is the more serious offence. From 1 June 2000, the Crime and Disorder Act 1988 came into force nationally and removed the use of cautions for persons under 18 and replaced them with reprimands and warnings. These are included in the totals.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 A PND may be issued to an offender as an alternative to a caution or prosecution only where the value of the item stolen is less than £200.

4 Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services: Ministry of Justice.

Table 2: Number of defendants fined at all courts for antisocial behaviour offences for which a PND may be issued in Essex police force area, by quarter, 2006 and 20071, 2

2006

2007

Statute

Offence description

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Theft Act 1968 Sec. 1

Stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting)

77

90

89

84

114

73

91

68

Various

Other criminal damage3

15

12

10

6

4

6

4

0

Explosives Act 1875, Sec. 80

Throwing, casting or firing any fireworks in or into any highway, street, etc. public place

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Public Order Act 1986 Sec. 5

Harassment, alarm or distress

70

77

84

88

110

94

101

95

Police Reform Act 2002 Sch.4 Para.5 (Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S. 12). Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S. 12

Contravene a community support officers’ requirement not to consume liquor. Penalty offence under S.1 Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001—alcohol consumption in designated public places

3

1

2

0

0

1

3

0

Criminal Justice Act 1967 Sec. 91

Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour

44

49

60

39

34

24

38

34

Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec. 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec. 169(1)

Holder of occasional permission or his agent knowingly selling to, knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell, intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc. intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises

6

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

Fire Services Act 1947 Sec. 31

False alarms of fire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Environmental Protection Act 1990 Sec. 87

Depositing litter

1

4

2

4

5

2

10

22

British Transport Commission Act 1949 S.55, 56. Railway Offences: Offences against Private Acts relating to Railways (other than 169, 1-6).

Trespass, throwing stones

1

5

3

3

1

2

2

3

Criminal Law Act 1967 Sec. 5(2)

Causing wasteful employment of the police etc.

0

0

2

0

0

0

1

0

Communications Act 2003 S. 127

Improper use of public electronic communications network

2

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

Total

219

240

252

225

269

202

250

222

1 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences, the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services: Ministry of Justice.

Table 3: Number of penalty notices for disorder issued in Essex police force area, by offence and quarter, 2006 and 20071

2006

2007

Offence description

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Wasting police time

17

18

17

16

20

13

18

14

Misuse of public telecommunications system

4

7

8

7

5

4

4

3

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

3

Causing harassment, alarm or distress

440

527

516

548

601

677

501

417

Throwing fireworks

2

4

0

12

1

0

0

11

Drunk and disorderly

240

246

192

193

97

89

134

134

Selling alcohol to under 18

8

17

11

58

21

45

21

24

Purchasing alcohol for under 18

0

0

4

2

3

1

3

4

Purchasing alcohol for under 18 for consumption on premises

0

0

1

0

4

2

4

2

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

2

0

1

0

6

6

4

3

Criminal Damage (under £500)2

88

73

92

105

93

95

68

67

Theft (retail under £200)

259

207

195

235

234

279

221

306

Breach of fireworks curfew

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

Possession of category 4 firework

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

0

0

0

3

0

0

1

0

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

Trespass on a railway

0

1

3

4

4

0

1

1

Throwing stones at a train/railway

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Drunk in a highway

12

8

9

5

8

4

6

6

Consumption of alcohol in public place

0

0

4

1

2

8

44

17

Depositing and leaving litter

6

12

8

6

10

15

3

6

Consumption of alcohol to under 18 on licensed premises

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

Allowing consumption of alcohol by a person under 18 on relevant premises

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Buying or attempting to buy alcohol for person under 18

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Total

1,078

1,120

1,065

1,198

1,110

1,241

1,033

1,018

1 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

2 Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services: Ministry of Justice.

Table 4: Fixed penalty notices issued for littering

Number

April 2006 to March 2007

April 2007 to March 2008

Local authority

Fixed penalties issued

Cases being prosecuted

Fixed penalties issued

Cases being prosecuted

Basildon DC

19

1

39

9

Braintree DC

35

0

17

0

Brentwood BC

0

0

1

1

Castle Point DC

7

0

1

1

Chelmsford BC

25

2

1

1

Colchester BC

105

9

1

1

Epping Forest DC

0

0

1

1

Harlow DC

98

0

1

1

Maldon DC

2

0

14

1

Rochford DC

0

0

1

1

Southend-on-Sea BC

82

0

1

1

Tendring DC

72

0

78

10

Thurrock BC

150

2

1

1

Uttlesford DC

0

0

1

1

1 No data as of yet (5 November 2009).

Source:

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).