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Cautions: Fines

Volume 499: debated on Wednesday 11 November 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many (a) cautions were given and (b) fines were imposed for offences of (i) vandalism, (ii) littering and (iii) antisocial behaviour in Mid Bedfordshire constituency in each of the last eight quarters for which records are available. (299079)

The number of offenders given cautions, and those imposed with a court fine for selected offences of antisocial behaviour in the Bedfordshire police force area, by quarter, for 2006 and 2007 (latest available) is shown in tables 1 and 2 as follows.

Apart from criminal damage (which includes minor acts of vandalism and graffiti up to a value of £300) and littering, Penalty Notices for Disorder (PNDs) can also be issued for a range of other antisocial behaviour offences including behaviour likely to cause fear, alarm and distress (section 5 of the Public Order Act 1986). The recipient of a PND has 21 days to either pay the penalty or seek a court hearing. No admission of guilt is required and the PND recipient discharges all liability for the offence and receives no criminal record if the penalty is paid. The number of PNDs issued in the Bedfordshire police force area in 2006 and 2007, by quarter, broken down by offence, is shown in table 3 as follows.

Information held by the Ministry of Justice is not available at parliamentary constituency level and therefore data for Bedfordshire police force area are given in lieu.

Court proceedings data for 2008 are planned for publication on 28 January 2010.

Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) can be issued by local authorities for littering offences. These data are collected annually by the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Information on fixed penalty notices issued for littering offences in Bedfordshire, by local authority area, are shown in table 4 as follows.

Table 1: The number of offenders cautioned1 for antisocial behaviour offences for which a PND may be issued in Bedfordshire police force area, by quarter, for 2006 and 20072

2006

2007

Statute

Offence description

Quarter1

Quarter 2

Quarter3

Quarter 4

Quarter1

Quarter2

Quarter 3

Quarter4

Theft Act 1968 Sec 1.

Stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting)3

224

250

194

219

182

182

153

170

Various

Other criminal damage4

124

109

114

109

129

122

136

122

Explosives Act 1875, Sec 80

Throwing, casting or firing any fireworks in or into any highway, street, etc public place

Public Order Act 1986 Sec 5.

Harassment, alarm or distress.

8

9

5

18

9

14

15

15

Police Reform Act 2002 Sch.4 Para.5 (Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S.12). Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S12.

Contravene a community support officers' requirement not to consume liquor. Penalty offence under S.l Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001—alcohol consumption in designated public places.

2

1

Criminal Justice Act 1967 Sec.91.

Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour.

1

8

2

1

1

Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec169(1)

Holder of occasional permission or his agent knowingly selling to, knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell, intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises.

Fire Services Act 1947 Sec 31.

False alarms of fire.

Environmental Protection Act 1990 Sec.87.

Depositing litter.

British Transport Commission act 1949 S.55,56. Railway Offences: Offences against Private Acts' relating to Railways (other than 169,1-6).

Trespass, throwing stones.

Criminal Law Act 1967 Sec 5(2).

Causing wasteful employment of the police etc.

Communications Act 2003 S.127

Improper use of public electronic communications network

Total

359

368

322

348

321

319

304

307

1 The cautions statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been cautioned for two or more offences at the same time the principal offence is the more serious offence. From 1 June 2000 the Crime and Disorder Act 1988 came into force nationally and removed the use of cautions for persons under 18 and replaced them with reprimands and warnings. These are included in the totals.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 A PND may be issued to an offender as an alternative to a caution or prosecution only where the value of the item stolen is less than £200.

4 Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice.

Table 2: The number of defendants fined at all courts for anti-social behaviour offences for which a PND may be issued in Bedfordshire police force area, by quarter, 2006 and 20071, 2

2006

2007

Statute

Offence description

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Theft Act 1968 Sec 1.

Stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting)3

29

21

23

20

22

23

23

30

Various

Other criminal damage

2

7

4

11

8

1

2

3

Explosives Act 1875, Sec 80

Throwing, casting or firing any fireworks in or into any highway, street, etc public place

1

Public Order Act 1986 Sec 5.

Harassment, alarm or distress.

6

12

10

12

12

22

11

11

Police Reform Act 2002 Sch.4 Para.5 (Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S.12). Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S12.

Contravene a community support officers' requirement not to consume liquor. Penalty offence under S.l Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001—alcohol consumption in designated public places.

11

4

1

3

1

1

4

Criminal Justice Act 1967 Sec.91.

Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour.

8

16

7

19

20

11

23

17

Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec169(1)

Holder of occasional permission or his agent knowingly selling to, knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell, intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises.

5

15

1

Fire Services Act 1947 Sec 31.

False alarms of fire.

Environmental Protection Act 1990 Sec.87.

Depositing litter.

1

1

5

1

1

British Transport Commission act 1949 S.55,56. Railway Offences: Offences against Private Acts' relating to Railways (other than 169,1-6).

Trespass, throwing stones.

1

2

Criminal Law Act 1967 Sec 5(2).

Causing wasteful employment of the police etc.

1

Communications Act 2003 S.127

Improper use of public electronic communications network

1

Total

62

76

51

63

69

58

62

66

1 The cautions statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been cautioned for two or more offences at the same time the principal offence is the more serious offence. From 1 June 2000 the Crime and Disorder Act 1988 came into force nationally and removed the use of cautions for persons under 18 and replaced them with reprimands and warnings. These are included in the totals.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice.

Table 3: The number of penalty notices for disorder issued in the Bedfordshire police force area, by offence and quarter, 2006 and 20071

2006

2007

Offence description

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter4

Wasting police time

1

5

1

5

1

2

4

Misuse of public telecommunications system

1

1

2

2

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

169

174

154

137

102

122

104

148

Throwing fireworks

1

Drunk and disorderly

56

65

87

82

74

57

69

62

Selling alcohol to under 18

9

4

2

4

3

4

Purchasing alcohol for under 18

1

Purchasing alcohol for under 18 for consumption on premises

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

1

Criminal Damage (under £500)2

55

67

51

41

44

44

32

22

Theft (retail under £200)

91

105

143

110

98

97

111

83

Breach of fireworks curfew

Possession of category 4 firework

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

Trespass on a railway

1

Throwing stones at a train / railway

Drunk in a highway

6

4

3

1

2

1

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1

1

3

7

7

7

4

6

Depositing and leaving litter

1

1

2

8

2

2

1

Consumption of alcohol my under 18 on licensed premises

Allowing consumption of alcohol by a person under 18 on relevant premises

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol for person under 18

Total

389

425

448

383

342

334

327

333

1 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

2 Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice

Table 4: Fixed Penalty Notices issued for littering:

April 2006 to March 2007

April 2007 to March 2008

Local authority

Number of fixed penalties issued

Number of cases being prosecuted

Number of fixed penalties issued

Number of cases being

Bedford DC

17

3

71

Mid Bedfordshire DC

9

n/a

n/a

South Bedfordshire BC

4

n/a

n/a

n/a - no data as of yet (5 November 2009)

Source:

Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)