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Indictable Offence Sentences: Analysis

Volume 593: debated on Thursday 3 September 1998

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asked Her Majesty's Government:What proportion of (a) all offenders, (b) adult male offenders, (c) adult female offenders, and (d) male offenders of all ages sentenced for indictable offences were sentenced to custody at all courts, Crown Courts and magistrates' courts

Table A: Average sentence length and proportion of offenders sentenced to immediate custody for indictable offences1by sex and court, England and Wales, 1992 to 1997
Category of offender19921993199419951996As a wholeFirst quarter19972Second quarterThird quarterFourth quarter
Average sentence length3(months)
Magistrates' courts
Males aged 21 or over2.73.23.12.82.72.62.82.62.62.6
Females aged 21 or over2.22.62.52.42.32.22.22.22.32.1
The Crown Court
Males aged 21 or over21.121.821.622.023.624.224.223.924.324.4
Females aged 21 or over17.717.718.517.720.019.619.920.517.120.8
Proportion sentenced to custody (percentages)
All courts
All offenders of which15151720222222222223
All males16171822232424242425
Males aged 21 or over18182024252626262627
Females aged 21 or over67810121312131414
Magistrates' courts
All offenders of which5679101010101111
All males5689101110111112
Males aged 21 or over5679111211121213
Females aged 21 or over2345686899

respectively in each year from 1992 to 1997 and each quarter of 1997 and 1998; and [HL3094]

What was the average sentence length passed on (a) adult males and (b) adult females by the Crown Courts and magistrates' courts respectively in each year from 1992 to 1997. [HL3095]

Available information for England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland is given in the tables.

Table A: Average sentence length and proportion of offenders sentenced to immediate custody for indictable offences

1

by sex and court, England and Wales, 1992 to 1997

Category of offender

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

As a whole

First quarter

1997

2

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

The Crown Court

All offenders of which44495256606061605960
All males46515458636263636262
Males aged 21 or over47515458636364636363
Females aged 21 or over24283032363637373634

1 The data are based on the sentences given for the principal offence.

2 Estimated.

3 Excludes life sentences.

Table B1: Average determinate sentence

1

(months) given to adult

2

males and females convicted of any offence and given immediate custody by type of court, Northern Ireland, 1992 to 1997

Type of court/Category of offender

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Magistrates' courts

Adult males555555
Adult females454434

Crown Court

Adult males455845483134
Adult females523942291117

1 Figures exclude life and SOSP prisoners.

2 Adults are defined as those aged 17 years plus (inclusive).

Table B2: Proportion of all offenders, adult

1

male offenders, adult

1

female offenders and all male offenders sentenced to custody for indictable offences by type of court, Northern Ireland, 1992 to 1997

Percentages

Type of court/Category of offender

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Magistrates' courts

All offenders151615151515
All male offenders161816171617
Adult males181917181718
Adult females445555

Crown Court

All offenders506253535457
All male offenders536556555660
Adult males536657565761
Adult females20218241622

All courts

All offenders192219202021
All male offenders212421222223
Adult males232523242324
Adult females655757

Note: 1997 and 1998 data by quarter are not available.

Table C1: Average sentence length given

1, 2

(months) for males and females aged 21 or over in Scottish courts, 1992 to 1996

Court type/gender

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

Stipendiary Magistrates' courts

Males aged 21 or over2.93.03.53.73.8
Females aged 21 or over2.73.13.33.13.6

District Court

Males aged 21 or over0.80.70.80.90.8
Females aged 21 or over0.70.80.70.60.7

Sheriff Summary Court

Males aged 21 or over3.43.43.73.73.6
Females aged 21 or over2.93.03.43.03.2

Sheriff Solemn Court

Males aged 21 or over13.715.115.816.517.0
Females aged 21 or over9.412.512.815.916.2

High Court

Males aged 21 or over57.252.457.857.061.1
Females aged 21 or over32.431.238.634.839.6

All courts

Males aged 21 or over8.08.17.98.38.5
Females aged 21 or over3.44.04.34.55.2

1There is no direct equivalent to indictable offences in Scotland. The figures in the table relate to all types of crimes and offences for which a charge was proved.

2Excludes life sentences, indeterminate retention and recalls.

Table C2: Percentage of persons with a charge

1

proved in Scottish courts who were sentenced to custody, 1992 to 1996

Court type/gender

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

Stipendiary Magistrates' courts

All offenders1922221816
All male offenders1923221916
Males aged 21 or over2225232018
Females aged 21 or over1921261816

District Court

All offenders11111
All male offenders11111
Males aged 21 or over11111
Females aged 21 or over00011

Sheriff Summary Court

All offenders1212131415
All male offenders1213141516
Males aged 21 or over1112131415
Females aged 21 or over56656

Table C2: Percentage of persons with a charge

1

proved in Scottish courts who were sentenced to custody, 1992 to 1996

Court type/gender

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

Sheriff Solemn Court

All offenders5861646568
All male offenders6064666771
Males aged 21 or over6265687074
Females aged 21 or over2030293738

High Court

All offenders7879808385
All male offenders8081828486
Males aged 21 or over8182848687
Females aged 21 or over3949495754

All courts

All offenders89101011
All male offenders911111212
Males aged 21 or over910101112
Females aged 21 or over34544

1There is no direct equivalent to indictable offences in Scotland. The figures in the table relate to all types of crimes and offences for which a charge was proved.